Colonel Amadou Keita "is among the arrested putschists," a Defence Ministry official tells AFP news agency, days after ruling junta claimed to thwart a coup attempt in the West African country.
Foiled putsch took place on the night between May 11 and May 12, ruling junta announces, adding the soldiers were "supported by a Western state."
The sanctions severed Mali's access to regional financial markets and have contributed to its default on about $180 million in debt payments and jobs losses.
The country's army-dominated interim parliament has voted in the transition plan despite promises to stage elections in February.
African and Western leaders meet in Paris to flesh out plans over how to continue fighting insurgency in the volatile Sahel region once France and its European allies withdraw troops from Mali.
France and 14 other countries ask Mali to let Danish special forces remain in the West African country, but its government repeats its demand on "immediate withdrawal."
The denouncement comes after a regional grouping decided to freeze Mali's assets, a pressure tactic against the ruling junta amid concerns over the future of democracy in the West African country.
France's armed forces minister said that Paris decided to resume joint military operations with Mali as well as national advisory missions, which had been suspended since June 3.
Goita, a 38-year-old special forces commander, was one of several colonels who overthrew president Ibrahim Boubacar Keita last August.
The African Union had earlier suspended Mali after August 2020 coup but reinstated the country a few weeks later after the heads of the new civilian-led transitional government were announced.
West African leaders to discuss Mali's second coup which has jeopardised a transition back to democracy, and could undermine a regional fight against militants.
The constitutional court's announcement comes after President Bah Ndaw and Prime Minister Moctar Ouane resigned before their release from military detention on Thursday.
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