Attempts to dissuade Bashar al Assad from flooding the region with narcotics will be met with intransigence, underlined by deniability and theatricality.
Documents are hard to come by for Syrian refugees around the world. Refugee children in Lebanon are set to struggle academically exactly for that reason.
The Syrian dictator and the Libyan warlord have been accused of tacitly working together to amass fortunes from illegal drug trafficking, exploiting civil war conditions of both Libya and Syria.
Growing the plant is illegal in Lebanon but cannabis has long been farmed openly in the fertile Bekaa Valley.
A new Gallup International survey of Arabs and Kurds in Syria finds that intra-Kurdish opinion is divided and that people would rather live under Daesh than the Syrian regime.
Damascus has had a tactical relationship with the PKK since the 1970s, when the terror group was in its infancy. Now the old ties are being renewed in light of Turkey's military operation in northern Syria.
Talat Silo, who defected from the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces, says the YPG, which is the main force in the SDF, is largely run by the PKK terror organisation leaders who are hiding in the Qandil mountains.
The Syrian wing of the outlawed PKK, the YPG, crushed Kurdish dissent, feeding the US air force with coordinates that not only targeted Daesh but also hit houses of prominent Kurdish leaders.
The Red Cross says more than 100 tents were razed to the ground but the cause of the fire remains unknown.
The Lebanese military has issued eviction notices to thousands of Syrian refugees living in camps in the Bekaa valley.
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