Brussels has made Britain its last offer on fishing and it was down now to UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson to decide whether he wants a deal.
Without a trade deal, cross-Channel trade will be conducted on basic WTO rules and a market built over 47 years of economic integration will be disrupted by tariffs on goods.
Three main issues remain unresolved: fisheries, ensuring fair competition guarantees and ways to solve future disputes.
Boris Johnson has vowed to take Britain out of the EU bloc by the scheduled date of October 31, though parliament has ordered him not to do so without striking a deal with Brussels first.
Britain's Queen Elizabeth II signed a law allowing Prime Minister Theresa May to start exit talks with the European Union.
Sir Ivan Rogers is the second senior British EU official who resigned in the wake of Brexit negotiations.
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