The hearing held inside Congress was called by the US Commission on International Freedom, and also focussed on Myanmar's refusal to grant citizenship to the Rohingya as well as Bahrain's stripping of citizenship from activists of the Shia majority.
The report by Brown University's Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs puts the death toll at between 480,000 and 507,000 people in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan but said the actual number is likely higher.
The US invasion of Iraq left it in ruins. Operations to get rid of Daesh added to the devastation. Locals now question whether foreign donors or the government are sincere about efforts to make the country whole again.
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