Critics say a new deal that will force asylum seekers entering the UK via illegal routes to apply for asylum in Rwanda and settle there could send them back into the hands of smugglers.
Brexit and the tightening of border controls are behind a peak in the number of people, including many minors, who attempt the dangerous sea route.
Data analysis by the Refugee Council contradicts claims by the UK government that most people crossing the English Channel are ‘economic migrants’.
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