The scrap of papyrus — scarcely larger than a postage stamp with four lines of angular script — is one of just a few from the region in the Late Iron Age, archaeologists say.
The Israeli right led by Benjamin Netanyahu is having to grab increasingly more land from neighbours in order to shore up support at home.
Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu pledged to extend the country's sovereignty over the Jordan Valley and the northern Dead Sea.
The Sea of Galilee's evaporation poses a threat for everything from religious pilgrimages to geopolitics.
A bus with 37 schoolchildren and seven teachers had been on a trip to a resort area when raging floodwaters swept them into a valley.
Israel has also ordered the country's goods and people border crossings with Gaza to be opened, just four days after shuttering them following a rocket attack from Palestinian territory that sparked retaliatory strikes.
Around 180 people in the villages face losing their homes if Israel's Supreme Court decides that the army can evict them for squatting.
The continual degradation of the Dead Sea has pushed Israel, Jordan and the Palestinian Authority to take a common stance to stop it from shrinking.
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