Opponents of the Egyptian government live in fear as anti-government protests lead to a crackdown on dissent.
Promises of political reform and the reinstatement of food subsidies follow days of protests against President Abdel Fattah el Sisi’s government.
Alaa Abdel Fattah's arrest came two days after Egyptian authorities stifled calls for fresh protests against President Abdel Fattah el Sisi's rule, deploying security forces and closing many of Cairo's main thoroughfares.
President Abdel Fattah el Sisi played down repeat protest call against his rule on Friday, as security forces tightened controls in the centre of the capital and closed off entrances to Tahrir Square.
Gamal Eid, head of Arab Network for Human Rights Information, says his group and two others have jointly documented more than 1,100 arrests following last week's protests that called on President Abdel Fattah el Sisi to quit.
The Egyptian government easily silences or dismisses critics but even President Sisi is having a hard time ignoring one wealthy exile sparking protests in Egypt.
Hundreds of protesters took to the streets in central Cairo and several cities on Friday against Sisi, a former army general who came in power in 2014 after ousting democratically elected President Mohamed Morsi.
Hundreds of Egyptians staged protests in Cairo and other cities against President Abdel Fattah el Sisi, as #TahrirSquare hashtag became a trending topic on Twitter shortly after the protests began.
Egypt's interior ministry said they killed at least 17 militants in raids in Cairo and in Fayoum, four days after a car filled with explosives wrecked outside the county's main cancer hospital, killing at least 20 people.
Militants attacked forces stationed south-west of the city of Arish, the Egyptian interior ministry said in a statement.
Amidst a controlled media narrative and a heavy blanket of government scrutiny, many Egyptians are questioning former president Mohamed Morsi's death in whispers and with discretion.
With the death of the former president, friends and colleagues say Egypt has lost a visionary who wanted to change the country’s authoritarian political framework.
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