According to the Copernicus Climate Change Service, every month so far in 2019 ranks among the four warmest on record for the month in question.
There is a scientific consensus that climate change is happening. A rise in global temperatures is a documented fact - the world has already warmed about 1.1 degrees Celsius since the Industrial Revolution.
Low and erratic rains caused by the El Nino since 2012 keep lands dry and produce poor harvests.
Prolonged dry spells since mid-2014, linked to the El Niño weather phenomenon, have battered subsistence farmers in Central America's "dry corridor" running through Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras.
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