Prime Minister Narendra Modi ordered a 21-day lockdown from Tuesday midnight, but a federal government advisory suggested exempting e-commerce deliveries of essentials such as food and medical equipment in addition to grocery stores and banks.
Amazon said it would close down its online retail operations that cater to consumers in China in an apparent admission of defeat to local e-commerce rivals.
US-headquartered Walmart is acquiring roughly 77 percent of India's homegrown Flipkart, a deal the country's traders confederation says will drive small store owners out of business.
Google is increasing its investments across Asia, where a growing middle class and a lack of infrastructure in retail, finance and other areas have made it a battleground for US and Chinese internet giants.
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