Local officials say France's Operation Barkhane killed six civilians who had gone to hunt birds and rabbits in remote Gao region, but French forces claim they targeted militants.
Napoleon Bonaparte's ambition to establish an empire in the East was crushed in 1799 at the Siege of Acre by Ahmed Jazzar Pasha.
France’s security failure in the Sahel has caused popular anger towards the former colonial power as many chant: 'Get out France, we don’t want to see you here.'
French foreign policy failures in Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt and Syria have greatly diminished its role in the Middle East.
Daesh fighters sentenced to death in Iraq represent a French sociological phenomenon and a bilateral crisis between France and Iraq.
Algeria's war of independence continues to define how the state has evolved, yet promises made but not kept are what concerns the younger generation.
President Emmanuel Macron also recognised the French state was responsible for the death of a dissident mathematician in Algeria in 1957, admitting for the first time to systematic torture by the French military during Algeria's independence war.
Much attention has been given to the rapid rise of Marine Le Pen and the far right, but she hasn't come from nowhere – fascism has deep roots in France. Here's a brief historical account.
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