Most of the victims were not directly involved in gangs, UN human rights office says, adding that there have also been reports of sexual violence.
Beijing backs sanctioning gang leaders and deploying a regional police force in the Caribbean country as part of plans to renew a UN political mission there that expires on Friday.
Clashes between rival gangs near capital Port-au-Prince leave more than 50 dead and over 100 wounded, local official says.
Armed clashes between alleged gang members at an indoor football match in Guatemala leave at least six dead, police say. Fighting at a game in Colombia kills one person.
The reform to the penal code applies to those who "reproduce and transmit messages or communications originating or allegedly originating from" the criminal groups.
Gang-related kidnappings in Haiti increased 180 percent in the past year, with 655 of them reported to police, according to a report by the United Nations Security Council.
El Salvador has enacted a state of emergency to fight a new spike in homicides while thousands of Haitians demonstrate against a lack of governmental support to protect their population from gangs.
El Salvadoran lawmakers approve a state of emergency after top gang leaders were arrested over a wave of recent bloodshed, the president of the country's Legislative Assembly said.
US President Donald Trump during a speech in Long Island asked from Congress to help him fight the MS-13 gang as well as help him to stop illegal immigration and boost deportations.
Focus of crackdown will now turn to more than 10,000 lower-ranking police officers after the dismissal of 313 senior officers, who were found involved in organised crime.
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