Police in India-administered Kashmir allegedly threaten businesses of consequences if they observe a strike called by a top pro-freedom leader on August 5, the second anniversary of India's annexation of Muslim-majority region.
The nuclear-armed neighbours signed a ceasefire agreement along the Line of Control in 2003, but the truce has been fraying in recent years and the two sides have exchanged fire hundreds of times in recent months.
In this first phase of voting, two candidates for the top government post of president will be shortlisted, including 90 parliamentarians; while the second and final round of voting will take place in April.
Police in India-administered Kashmir say an Indian army officer and two others "planted illegally acquired weapons" on the bodies of three young men to pass them off as "terrorists" after killing them in a staged gun battle in July.
Indian and Pakistani troops regularly exchange fire across the mountainous border, but the shelling on Friday was particularly intense, according to Indian officials.
The site at Ayodhya, and divided Kashmir, are two of the most divisive communal issues facing India in the past 30 years, with PM Narendra Modi attempting to draw a line under both.
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