The spirit of NAFTA is not dead yet, though Trump continues to boast about renegotiating the terms of the 25-year-old trade deal ahead of the midterm elections slated for next month.
The United States' changing trade policy following Donald Trump's taking office threatens the global economy as Washington indiscriminately targets key allies and rivals alike.
Soon after the fresh duties went into effect, China accused the United States of engaging in "trade bullyism" and said it was intimidating other countries to submit to its will through measures such as tariffs, the official Xinhua news agency said.
As China and the US vye for political and economic influence in several regions, the rivalry will inevitably turn into a clash. Which country is best placed to come out on top?
The tit-for-tat measures are the latest escalation in an increasingly protracted trade dispute between the world's two largest economies.
The new tariffs are in addition to the 25 percent levy already imposed on $50 billion worth of Chinese goods and Washington threatened even more if China retaliates.
Canada and US officials are due to meet to settle major disputes amid pressure from Washington for a quick settlement. Trump said he could exclude Canada from the NAFTA pact but Trudeau will not back down on key issues.
"We know that a win-win-win agreement is within reach," Canada's Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland told reporters. "We'll keep talking until we reach a good deal," she said.
Canada nears resolution in trade dispute with America as Trump threatens to leave NAFTA and have only one trade agreement with Mexico.
Turkey has lodged a complaint with the WTO following the US decision to impose tariffs of 20 and 50 percent respectively steel and aluminium imports from Turkey.
As relations between Turkey and the US reach new lows, Turkey is developing policies to counter financial speculation.
The Trump administration has severely been criticised by automakers, foreign governments as it considers tariffs of up to 25 percent, a levy critics warn will hike vehicle costs, hurting auto sales and global industry jobs.
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