Trudeau's Liberal party was projected to win the most seats in the 338-seat Parliament. However, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation said it would be a minority government, forced to rely on an opposition party to stay in power.
Some 27.4 million Canadians are eligible to elect 338 members of parliament after a tense and sometimes bitter election campaign.
Polls indicate incumbent Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's Liberal Party could lose to the rival Conservatives, or perhaps win but still fail to get a majority of seats in Parliament and have to rely on an opposition party to remain in power.
The 16-year-old Swede met privately with Trudeau but later told a news conference with local indigenous leaders that he was "not doing enough" to curb greenhouse gases responsible for global warming.
Most of the shootings in Canada have been blamed on gang violence and illegal guns with PM Trudeau saying the ban will include AR-15 lightweight semi-automatic rifles.
PM Justin Trudeau, a fervent advocate of the multiculturalism integral to Canadian identity, apologises for wearing brownface makeup to a party at a school where he taught 18 years ago.
PM Justin Trudeau starts a challenging six-week re-election campaign and immediately faces new questions about a nagging ethics scandal that could cut support for his Liberal Party.
"I am very pleased to announce that as early as 2021 Canada will ban harmful, single-use plastics from coast to coast," says Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.
Almost 1,200 indigenous women and girls went missing or were killed between 1980 and 2012, according to official estimates. Inquiry commissioners suggest the true figure could be many times higher.
US President Donald Trump removes import taxes on Canadian and Mexican steel and aluminum but delays auto tariffs that would have hurt Japan and Europe.
New Zealand's prime minister has been rightly applauded for her response to the attacks against Muslims in New Zealand, but that shouldn't obscure the fact that she has helped to empower anti-Muslim bigotry in her rise to power.
She has landed in Canada, her lawyer told media, more than six months after she was acquitted in a blasphemy case by Pakistan's top court.
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