Turkey has launched a border security mission to clear Syria's Afrin of YPG, an affiliate of the PKK. Both Turkey and the US consider the PKK to be a terror group, yet the US insists the YPG is an ally against Daesh.
Kurds in northern Iraq voted overwhelmingly for administrative independence in a referendum in September, defying the central government in Baghdad. Iraq's supreme court ruled that no Iraqi province could secede.
Stepping down after 12 years in office, Masoud Barzani leaves behind a region in flux following his decision to hold a referendum on administrative independence for the KRG.
Iraqi Kurdish leader Masoud Barzani confirms he will step down on November 1, and asks the parliament to fill the vacancy in power in northern Iraq as Iraqi forces and Kurdish Peshmerga start a new round of talks to resolve conflict in the region.
Baghdad 's seizure of Kirkuk and swathes of northern Iraq has left the Kurds defeated, divided and displaced.
Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al Abadi has given instructions that the Iraqi flag be hoisted on Kirkuk and other territories that are disputed between the Iraqi government and the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG).
Support for the semi-autonomous Kurdish region's independence referendum was generally opposed with the notable exception of Israel.
Analysts say that the KRG can not establish an independent state in northern Iraq without the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, which is included in the “disputed areas” according to the Iraqi constitution.
Iraqi government refuses to talk to Kurdish Regional Government about the results of the "unconstitutional" referendum on independence.
KRG pushes ahead with Monday's referendum for support for Kurdish independence despite the fact that its timing has been condemned by Baghdad, Turkey, Iran and the United States over fears of instability and strife.
United Nations Security Council raises concern that the KRG's referendum on independence could destabilise Iraq and its neighbouring countries.
The White House urged Iraq's Kurdish leaders to cancel the September 25 vote on independence, saying the move is a distraction from the efforts to defeat Daesh. Germany has also renewed its opposition to the vote.
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