Within the space of five years India has meticulously manipulated the Kashmir dispute in ways which few, if any, people foresaw.
Dominated by strategic concerns for two decades, the relationship appears to be caught between US policy drift towards India and its new ‘Cold War’ with Beijing.
Voting takes place amid heavy security presence in first direct elections in India-administered Kashmir since New Delhi annexed the region last year.
"China does not recognise the so-called Ladakh central government region illegally established by India," says Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin as border standoff between both sides continues.
Indian Defence Minister Rajnath Singh accuses China of trying to alter status quo along a disputed frontier in Ladakh region, a charge Bejing denies and instead puts onus on New Delhi to curb tensions there.
Beijing says it took "countermeasures" after Indian troops fired aerial shots during a confrontation with Chinese personnel on the border of disputed Kashmir.
India and China have been embroiled in a series of deadly clashes and showdowns on their Himalayan border in recent weeks.
Friction between the two nuclear-armed Asian neighbours flared up again after each accused the other of trying to seize territory across their disputed Himalayan boundary.
India says troops preempted Chinese military activity on the southern bank of Pangong Lake, which is divided by the de facto frontier between the rivals.
TRT World takes a look at events that have taken place a year after India's annexation of the former semi-autonomous state of Kashmir.
Pakistan finds itself in the middle of the 21st century's defining geopolitical war, and the strategic implications for Islamabad are huge.
Stand-off between Indian and Chinese border troops is the culmination of festering tensions between the two sides over territory that has been contested for more than a century.
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