There are fears the database could be used to build a controversial citizens register. Many Indians say the citizenship law combined with a register of citizens could be used against the Muslim minority.
Protesters gathered in Bangladesh's Dhaka to demand justice for an 19-year-old woman who died after being set on fire for refusing to drop sexual harassment charges against her school principal.
The latest example of what critics say is a clampdown on free speech follows more than a dozen similar arrests last year in a clampdown on those attacking the Hindu nationalist premier's policies or ideology.
Indian troops and police block marchers from trying to reach a main military garrison, two days after seven civilians and three rebel fighters were shot dead by Indian soldiers.
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), which runs the world's largest biometric identity card scheme called "Aadhaar," has had its share of controversy since it was launched in 2009.
Subscribe to our Youtube channel for all latest in-depth, on the ground reporting from around the world.
Copyright © 2020 TRT World.