US Vice President Mike Pence called many of China's global infrastructure projects as low quality while Chinese President Xi Jinping warned against protectionism, saying countries are facing a choice of confrontation and cooperation.
Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama, former military leader who led a bloodless takeover 12 years ago, favourite to retain office against a fractured opposition.
There are fears the referendum could inflame tensions between indigenous Kanak people, who tend to favour independence, and the white population, which boiled over into deadly violence in the 1980s.
The devastation of the magnitude 7.5 quake that hit the region early on Monday is becoming apparent with a rising death toll and a shut down of economic activities as aftershocks continue to rock the country.
"The finding opens the way to a major compensation and also for consequential orders against both the PNG and Australian governments," says Refugee Action Coalition spokesman.
Reports have emerged of baton-wielding officials dragging refugees from their rooms towards buses bound for PNG-run transition centres elsewhere on Manus.
Australia's current policy on asylum seekers is to intercept refugees and migrants at sea, deny them entry, and process them in centres like the camp on Manus Island in neighbouring Papua New Guinea. Critics consider the process inhumane.
Refugees in the former Australia-run camp in Papua New Guinea posted photos to social media showing police entering the abandoned detention centre as fears grew that the situation could turn violent.
New Caledonia's civil security agency made no plans to evacuate coastal places immediately.
Authorities in Papua New Guinea say they will take steps to forcibly remove around 450 men who remain in an abandoned Australian detention centre on Manus Island.
Hundreds of men have barricaded themselves into the Manus island centre for more than 11 days without regular food or water, defying closure bids by Australia and Papua New Guinea.
Hundreds of asylum-seekers are adamant they will not leave the Australian offshore prison despite police calls for evacuation. Those holed up at the prison say they would rather live in squalid conditions than risk the alternatives provided.
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