An ancient gated extension of the city where left-leaning Italians once fought against Mussolini and Hitler has now become a breeding ground for right-wing populism.
Italian coast guard says 85 people rescued and eight bodies recovered so far. Last year, 3,116 people died trying to cross from North Africa to Europe, according to Doctors Without Borders.
Nearly 3,000 migrants are known to have died or be missing after trying to cross to Europe by sea this year, the majority of them between Libya and Italy.
Refugees in the former Australia-run camp in Papua New Guinea posted photos to social media showing police entering the abandoned detention centre as fears grew that the situation could turn violent.
More than 600,000 refugees and other migrants have reached Italy from Libya since 2014.
The UN says smugglers forced some 180 Ethiopian and Somalis off their boat into rough seas. Over 100 were rescued, six confirmed dead. This was the second such incident in the past two days.
The voyage from Libya across the Mediterranean Sea to Italy is not safe for most refugees as they face abuse, including torture and rape, says Oxfam.
According to survivors, the smuggler pushed 120 refugees or migrants into the sea as they approached the coast of Shabwa out of fear arrest. At least 50 died, mostly Somali and Ethiopian teenagers.
The flow of migrants, mostly Haitians, has surged in recent weeks amid fears of deportation. The US is weighing ending a program that granted Haitians "temporary protected status" after the devastating 2010 earthquake in Haiti.
The move follows Italian parliament's go-ahead to a naval mission, which Italy says, will support the Libyan coastguard's fight against human traffickers.
Up to six vessels would be deployed to support the Libyan coast guard in the interception and return of refugees and migrants to Libya "where they would face horrific abuses," says Amnesty International.
With under half of all Asian countries having signed the 1951 Refugee Convention or having any domestic legislation in place, refugees in the region are forced to live on the fringes of society.
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