Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan criticises military takeovers in a video message on the 24th anniversary of the 1997 "post-modern" coup in Turkey.
Experts see a different political future with dire consequences for the country’s integrity, independence and sovereignty.
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On February 28, 1997, the Turkish military issued a stern memorandum against the democratically elected government for allegedly violating the country's "secularist nature."
Two decades ago, leading generals overthrew the democratically-elected conservative government. It was dubbed the "postmodern coup" because it was carried out without overt force. TRT World spoke to two major figures who tried to stop it.
Before the unsuccessful putsch on July 15, the republic went through at least four coups.
The Turkish republic has always had an interesting relationship with democracy. We take a look at the four previous military coups in Turkey in an attempt to understand events last night.
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