To suit their political aims, both President Nicholas Maduro and his Western-backed opponent, Juan Guaido, want to withdraw Venezuelan gold stashed in the Bank of England’s deposits in London.
The opposition leader, who is recognised as the country's interim president by more than 50 countries, has been repeatedly targeted by the government in a number of legal cases.
Ecuador’s labour unions, along with its sizeable indigenous population, are fed up with the IMF-imposed policies of the socialist President Lenin Moreno.
Venezuelan officials say they have foiled a plot to overthrow the government that included assassinating President Nicolas Maduro and his closest political allies.
The newly-elected leader is facing a coup attempt similar to the 2002 military intervention orchestrated by Washington against his predecessor Hugo Chavez. Here is a brief account of Maduro's time in power.
Following are some initial reactions from world governments over the attempted coup called by self-proclaimed leader Juan Guaido against President Nicolas Maduro.
Washington's sanctions on Jorge Arreaza and Judge Carol Bealexis Padilla de Arretureta freeze any assets they have in the US. Meanwhile, Venezuela's opposition-run National Assembly says a lawmaker has been illegally detained.
Maduro won a popular vote in May, but his re-election has been dismissed as illegitimate by the opposition and much of the international community.
The opposition says Maduro's planned Constituent Assembly is a farce designed purely to keep him in power.
The July 30 election will choose 545 delegates to the special body that will rewrite late President Hugo Chavez's 1999 constitution. But the opposition is angry and is calling for early presidential elections.
Anti-Maduro protests surge in Caracas as members from the 34-nation Organization of American States bloc meet in Washington DC to discuss the crisis.
The leader of Venezuela's opposition, Julio Borges, is attempting to drum up support among Latin American neighbours in a bid to impose a "democratic agenda" on President Nicholas Maduro's government.
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