Chelsea will need another Munich miracle in the second leg on March 18 to overturn the deficit at the Allianz Arena, where they famously beat the German club in the 2012 Champions League final.
France, the home team scored the opening goal in the 76th minute, with a header by Olivier Giroud from a corner kick. However, Turkey gave a quick response with its own header goal by Kaan Ayhan in the 82nd minute.
Stand-in goalkeeper Adrian was the hero as it was his save from Tammy Abraham allowed Liverpool to beat Chelsea 5-4 on penalties.
Didier Deschamps' side will face England or Croatia in Moscow on Sunday as the French look to lift the trophy for the second time following their triumph on home soil in 1998.
Teenager Kylian Mbappe struck twice inside five second-half minutes to ensure France beat Argentina 4-3 and became the first team to qualify for the World Cup quarterfinals.
Zinedine Zidane took the corresponding manager of the year award, with the Spanish giants providing five players in the FIFA team of the year
The Netherlands, World Cup finalists in South Africa in 2010 and semi-finalists four years later, crashed out despite beating Sweden 2-0.
Iceland's surprising successful run as the smallest ever team to qualify for the Euros has come to an end after the team found itself outmatched by aggressive play from France.
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