The reformist leader has gone through many ups and downs. Here's how he reached the prime minister's office.
The country's King Al Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah made the announcement five days after the parliamentary election left no party with a majority to form a government on its own.
Barisan coalition will not support a government that is led by ex-PM Muhyiddin Yassin's alliance, its biggest component party says, though it makes no reference to Anwar.
Mahathir Mohamad, also known as the 'Father of Modern Malaysia', suffers first electoral defeat in more than half a century after coming in fourth in a five-way fight in the country's general elections.
Malaysia's king appoints seasoned politician Muhyiddin Yassin as new PM but Mahathir Mohamad says he has support of 114 lawmakers for a comeback as prime minister for a third time.
Although Mahathir Mohamad's sudden departure from the top post came as a surprise to many political pundits, the country's power corridors have been strife with political bickering over the past week.
Results show the opposition alliance led by the country's former leader Mahathir Mohamad has won 112 seats in the national election, ending the 60-year rule of the National Front.
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