Tucked away in the mountains, the region has withstood forces wishing to tame its population for 200 years. The Taliban are the only ones who've got a second chance.
Taliban insurgents are searching for people who worked with US and NATO troops, according to a UN document. A senior Taliban official blames the raids on internal miscommunication.
Former Afghan vice president Amrullah Saleh and Ahmad Massoud hope to lead a resistance from the valley northeast of Kabul.
Tens of thousands of people have tried to flee Afghanistan since the Taliban swept into the capital, completing a stunning rout of government forces and ending two decades of war.
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