The ruling BJP has been accused of toppling elected state governments led by the opposition parties either by buying or intimidating the lawmakers in order to pass controversial bills in the absence of a strong opposition in the parliament.
Gandhi announced his resignation on Twitter, saying he was stepping down because accountability is "critical for the future growth of our party."
PM Narendra Modi sworn in for an historic second term along with his ministers, a week after the Hindu right-wing party's landslide victory in general election.
The BJP's re-election leaves India divided and gives an even broader mandate to a party accused of tearing apart India's founding principles.
PM Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party hits best ever score, giving it an even bigger majority than five years ago and defying predictions of a dip, final results confirm.
With the new numbers in place, the ruling BJP is expected to achieve a majority in both houses in the next two years, paving the way for an overhaul of the laws, in consonance with the party’s Hindus-first ideology.
Election Commission data shows Narendra Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party was on course to increase its grip on parliament with 303 out of 542 elected seats – up from 282 in 2014.
Opposition leader Gandhi urges voters not to "get disappointed by the propaganda of fake exit polls," after a slew of exit polls projected clear victory for Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
The grand old party shows a vacillating leadership and seems unable to capitalise on right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party's failures in government.
Indians are heading to the polls in the second phase of voting in the country's seven-stage general election. India-administered Kashmir is among the regions voting on Thursday. But as TRT World's Baba Umar reports, many are boycotting the vote.
Tens of millions of Indians are expected to cast their ballots in the first phase of a general election at which Prime Minister Narendra Modi is seen as the front-runner.
About 900 million people are eligible to vote in the election starting on Thursday, in which Narendra Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party-led group is taking on the Congress and its allies and a clutch of regional parties.
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