The UAE's ambitious foreign policy goals has slowly overshadowed Saudi Arabia's standing in the Middle East, according to regional experts.
The years-long conflict coupled with the Saudi-led economic blockade has fuelled famine and disease, affecting children the most.
The Kremlin is positioning itself as indispensable to Sudan while it bids to increase its sway over Africa and Muslim countries.
Bosnian Muslims living outside the Ottoman Empire financially supported Sultan Abdulhamid II's ambitious Hejaz railway project.
As part of a series, TRT World explores fascinating stories of African figures whose contribution to humanity has been largely neglected.
Beijing seeks normalcy in war-affected Yemen to ensure its flagship Belt and Road Initiative has safe access to the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea.
Saudi Aramco is a massive contributor to climate change and at the same time, actively thwarts international efforts at mitigation.
The Saudi-led coalition said it had destroyed four sites used in assembling remote-controlled boats and sea mines to help protect the freedom of maritime navigation, as they launched a military operation north of Yemen's port city of Hodeidah.
Saudi Arabia has failed to devise a long-term strategy in the region while decades of Iranian planning now bears fruit.
Meanwhile, Human Rights Watch says the Saudi-led coalition carried out at least five deadly attacks on Yemeni fishing boats in 2018, killing at least 47 Yemeni fishermen, including seven children.
"It's very much to do with moving from what I would call a military-first strategy to a peace-first strategy," according to one UAE official. Diplomats said Abu Dhabi preferred to have its forces on hand should US-Iran tensions escalate further.
Iran is likely to use the Houthis to give Saudi Arabia and by extension the US, a bloody nose - ruining any chance for peace in the process.
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