The Scottish National Party, which has led a minority government since 2016, says a big victory will give it the moral right and political momentum to hold a referendum on whether Scotland should end its three-century union with England.
Scotland can leave the United Kingdom, but being a part of the European Union will bring its own set of unique problems.
The Scottish parliament voted 69-59 to back First Minister Nicola Sturgeon's call to ask the British government for an independence vote within the next two years. This vote could see Scotland eventually exit the United Kingdom
Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said she acted because of the refusal of Britain's Prime Minister to compromise with Scotland over Brexit. Scotland cannot trigger a second referendum without UK parliamentary approval.
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