Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says China has committed crimes against humanity in their treatment of the predominantly Muslim Uighurs and other members of ethnic and religious minority groups in Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region.
Washington says it will ban all cotton and tomato products from western Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region over allegations they are made with forced labour from jailed Uighur Muslims.
Huawei patent from 2018 describes the technology used to identify race features in pedestrians photographed or filmed in the street that may indicate they are of Uighur origin.
Citing a leaked list of more than 2,000 detainees, HRW says authorities in Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region use expansive data collection project to flag and detain Uighurs in the region.
China has been accused of detaining Uighurs in camps under a mass campaign of political indoctrination and forced cultural assimilation. Human rights groups accuse the government of forcefully sterilising Uighur women.
The author of bestselling "The Three-Body Problem" sci-fi book, Liu Cixin defended the Chinese government's clampdown on ethnic Uighurs and other Muslims in the Xinjiang region in an article last year.
Organisers of the panel convened by Barrister Geoffrey Nice are in the initial stages of gathering evidence, and expect to receive a substantial number of submissions from Uighurs exiled abroad over the next few months.
The sanctions hit the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, its commander and former political commissar for alleged abuses against Uighur Muslims.
Coalition of over 180 human rights groups says major apparel brands continue to source millions of tons of cotton and yarn from Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, where China is accused of forced labour and other rights abuses.
Some of the most outspoken critics of China –– US Senators Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz along with Congressman Chris Smith –– are among those targeted by Beijing, as well as the US ambassador-at-large for international religious freedom, Sam Brownback.
The bipartisan bill, introduced by Republican Senator Marco Rubio, calls for sanctions against those responsible for the repression of Uighurs and other Muslim groups in China.
China in reaction said it resolutely opposes the US House of Representatives' bill requiring the Trump administration to toughen its response to what the bill called China's crackdown on ethnic Muslim minorities in Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region.
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