The first minister-level meetings in more than two months between the world's two biggest economies are set to begin on Thursday.
With mosques in the region being periodically demolished and fasting mostly banned, minorities in East Turkistan are bearing the brunt of institutionalised xenophobia.
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, has demanded access from China to verify reports about abuses against Uighur Muslims. She also demanded the release of Saudi women activists.
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