The last time Russia hosted similar talks was in March when a war raged between the Taliban and Kabul government.
Thirty five current and former leaders are among a list of businesspeople and celebrities featured in roughly 11.9 million documents exposing secret wealth stashed in offshore tax havens.
Washington seems interested in using Russian military bases in Central Asia to oversee terrorist threats, particularly the ones emerging from Afghanistan.
While Russia and Turkey have shown willingness to keep building their ties, the two nations may face limitations due to their divergence in foreign policy.
The Turkish-Russian ceasefire in Syria has run its course, setting the stage for confrontation between Ankara and Moscow if a new buffer to smoothen tensions isn’t achieved.
The court found that "there was also a strong prima facie case that, in killing Mr Litvinenko, Mr Lugovoi and Mr Kovtun had been acting on the direction or control of the Russian authorities". Kremlin rejects the ruling.
While Russian President Putin remains popular, United Russia party has seen its support drop as living standards decline following years of economic stagnation.
Experts believe Russia is coercing and intimidating its neighbors through military means, escalating tension in eastern Europe.
In Russia’s coldest region of Yakutia, fires have burned through an area larger than Portugal, with 50 forest fires currently ablaze.
US presence in Central Asia will likely deplete further after the Afghanistan withdrawal with Russia and China waiting to sweep up the remains.
The two leaders spoke in favour of consolidating international efforts to foster peace and stability in Afghanistan as Europe and the US cut Taliban's financial lifeline.
President Erdogan thanked Russian counterpart Putin for Russia's allocation of five firefighting aircraft and three more helicopters for supporting Turkey's fight against forest fires across the country, according to a statement.
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