"By 2030, it is estimated that up to 118 million extremely poor people will be exposed to drought, floods, and extreme heat in Africa if adequate response measures are not put in place," says UN study.
World Meteorological Organization warns industrial slowdown due to the pandemic has not curbed record concentrations of greenhouse gases that trap heat in the atmosphere and trigger extreme weather events.
The World Meteorological Organization said global temperatures so far this year were 1.1 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial average between 1850-1900, making 2019 one of the top three warmest years ever recorded.
Scientists say that it is vital to limit the rise in global temperatures to 2 Celsius to avert more extreme weather, rising sea levels and the loss of plant and animal species, although limiting the rise to 1.5C would have a far greater benefit.
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