South African President Cyril Ramaphosa cut cabinet ministers from 36 to 28 to tackle "bloated" government and improve efficiency while appointing more women in cabinet to achieve gender diversity.
Zuma, who was forced to resign by the ruling ANC party last year, has been charged with 16 counts of fraud, racketeering and money laundering relating to the weapons deal dating back to before he took office in 2009.
Nhlanhla Nene returns to the post two years after his sacking from the same role began the ruling party revolt in South Africa that eventually ousted former leader Jacob Zuma.
It is an arms deal scandal that has come back to haunt South Africa's former president Jacob Zuma more than a decade later, and barely a month after he was forced to quit as president.
In an address to the nation late on Wednesday South Africa's President Jacob Zuma announced his resignation 'with immediate effect.'
South Africa's President Jacob Zuma has long been linked with the Gupta brothers. But who are these brothers that have allegedly wielded corrupt influence over the country's president?
Zuma, in power since 2009, has faced growing pressure to resign as president since he was replaced as leader of the ANC in December by Cyril Ramaphosa, South Africa's deputy president.
This is the first move against the Gupta family that is accused of corrupt dealings with President Zuma, including allegations it profited from lucrative government contracts.
A parliamentary subcommittee will meet this week to discuss a draft procedure on the section of the constitution relating to the removal of President Jacob Zuma after which the draft will then be debated in the house.
The Constitutional Court in South Africa rules that parliament failed to hold Jacob Zuma to account over state funds he spent to upgrade his home.
Speaking at the African National Congress party's gathering to elect a new leader, South African President Jacob Zuma says people "are not happy with the state of the ANC".
It also ordered President Jacob Zuma to pay the costs of his latest court challenge against the inquiry into influence peddling. Judge President Mlambo said Zuma's conduct "amounts to clear abuse of the judicial process".
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