Individual sports federations will have primary responsibility for determining every Russian athlete's eligibility for Rio
Russia's elite athletes can finally breathe a sigh of relief after the International Olympic Committee (IOC) decided against imposing a blanket ban on the country's participation in next month's Rio Games over its doping record.
After weeks of deliberation, the IOC on Sunday ruled that Russia would not be barred from competing in the Games but individual athletes with a 'clean' record would nonetheless have to pass unprecedented eligibility conditions to get a ticket to the Olympics in Brazil.
The IOC's decision on Sunday, less than two weeks before the Rio Games opens on August 5, follows the World Anti-Doping Agency's (WADA) call for a blanket ban in response to the independent McLaren report that found evidence of state-sponsored doping by Russian athletes at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.
"I think in this way, we have balanced on the one hand, the desire and need for collective responsibility versus the right to individual justice of every individual athlete," IOC President Thomas Bach said on a conference call.
"In this way we are protecting the clean athletes because of the high criteria we set. This may not please everybody, but this result is one which is respecting the rules of justice and all the clean athletes all over the world."
Russia not banned.— Tancredi Palmeri (@tancredipalmeri) July 24, 2016
Whistleblower Stepanova banned.
Is this the worst IOC of last 30 years? Even more?
WADA and 14 national anti-doping organisations had urged the IOC to ban Russia in the wake of the damning McLaren report, but former Olympic fencing champion Bach said the country's sportsmen and women "will have to clear the highest hurdle to take part in the Olympics".
The United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) said the IOC had failed to show leadership with its decision.
"Many, including clean athletes and whistleblowers, have demonstrated courage and strength in confronting a culture of state-supported doping and corruption within Russia," USADA chief Travis Tygart said.
"Disappointingly, however, in response to the most important moment for clean athletes and the integrity of the Olympic Games, the IOC has refused to take decisive leadership. The decision regarding Russian participation and the confusing mess left in its wake is a significant blow to the rights of clean athletes."
Russia can't enter athlete for Rio if he/she "has ever been sanctioned for doping, even if he or she has served the sanction," the IOC says.— Gabrielle T-F (@gabrielletf) July 24, 2016
Russia's Sports Minister, Vitaly Mutko, said the decision cleared the way for Russian participation.
"I hope that the majority of international federations will very promptly confirm the right of (Russian) sportspeople in different types of sports to take part in the Olympic Games," Mutko said.
The International Tennis Federation wasted no time in clearing the seven Russian players nominated for Rio. The ITF said the players have been subject to a rigorous anti-doping programme outside Russia, which it considers sufficient to meet the IOC's requirements.
Spotless record required
For individuals to be allowed to compete at Rio they must have a spotless international record on drug testing, the IOC said, adding athletes who have been sanctioned in the past for doping will not be eligible.
Individual sports federations will have primary responsibility for determining every Russian athlete's eligibility for Rio.
That would dash the hopes of middle-distance runner Yulia Stepanova, the whistleblower and former drug cheat whose initial evidence led to one of the biggest doping scandals in decades.
The IOC had said this week that it would not organise or give patronage to any sports event in Russia and that no member of the Russian Sports Ministry implicated in the McLaren report would be accredited for Rio.
Personally i agree with the IOC/no blanket ban on russia. Banned every proven-guilty athlete but not punishing young new clean athletes— Dan (@DanJenkz) July 24, 2016
#IOC (non)decision is abdication of responsibility. Backward step in fighting drugs in sport. Now down to IFs to protect integrity of sport— Paul Kerby (@P_K5) July 24, 2016
It also ordered the immediate re-testing of all Russian athletes from the Sochi Olympics.
Though a series of international federations, anti-doping agencies and athletes have since called for a blanket ban, some have said they are against punishing innocent athletes.
"It would be quite difficult for us to think we should ban an entire team, which will include some cyclists who are not implicated in any of these stories we've been hearing," said Brian Cookson, president of the International Cycling Union.
"We're going to have to look at it case by case, rider by rider and team by team. At the end of the day, Russians are not the only sportsmen or women who have been found doping."
Russian officials and government officers have said the doping allegations are part of a Western conspiracy against their country.
Russian President Vladimir Putin had warned that the affair could split the Olympic movement, bringing echoes of the 1980s. The United States led a political boycott of the 1980 Moscow Games and the Soviet Union led an Eastern Bloc boycott of the Los Angeles Games four years later.