Memphis city police chief disbands so-called Scorpion unit, citing a "cloud of dishonour" from officers who beat Nichols to death, sparking protests against police brutality.
The specialised US police unit that included some of the Memphis officers involved in the fatal beating of Tyre Nichols has been disbanded, the police department announced, as more protests were planned in US cities, a day after harrowing video of the attack was released.
In a statement on Saturday, the department said it was permanently deactivating the Scorpion unit after the police chief spoke with members of Nichols' family, community leaders and other officers.
Referring to "the heinous actions of a few" that dishonoured the unit, Police Director Cerelyn "CJ" Davis said it was imperative that the department "take proactive steps in the healing process."
Video recordings from police body-worn cameras and a camera mounted on a utility pole showed Nichols, a 29-year-old Black man, repeatedly calling "Mom!" as officers kicked, punched and struck him with a baton in his mother's neighbourhood after a January 7 traffic stop.
He was hospitalised and died of his wounds three days later.
The release of the clips on Friday sparked protests in Memphis and elsewhere and prompted numerous cities to prepare for additional demonstrations on Saturday.
Nichols' family and officials, including President Joe Biden, have expressed outrage and sorrow but have urged protesters to remain peaceful.
Demonstrations so far have been free of violence.
Five officers involved in the beating, all Black, were charged on Thursday with murder, assault, kidnapping and other charges. All have been dismissed from the department.
In Memphis on Saturday, protesters chanting, "Whose streets? Our streets!" angrily catcalled a police car that was monitoring the march, with several making obscene gestures.
Some cheered loudly when they learned of the disbandment of Scorpion, the Street Crimes Operation to Restore Peace in our Neighborhoods, formed in October 2021 to concentrate on crime hot spots.
Critics say such specialised teams can be prone to abusive tactics.
Taken together, the four video clips showed police pummeling Nichols even though he appeared to pose no threat.
The initial traffic stop was for reckless driving, though the police chief has said the cause for the stop has not been substantiated.
READ MORE: US on edge over video showing police brutality victim crying out for mother
Excessive force against Black people
Friends and family say Nichols was an affable, talented skateboarder who grew up in Sacramento, California, and moved to Memphis before the coronavirus pandemic.
The father of a 4-year-old child, Nichols worked at FedEx and had recently enrolled in a photography class.
Nate Spates Jr, 42, was part of a circle of friends, including Nichols, who met up at a local Starbucks.
"He liked what he liked, and he marched to the beat of his own drum," Spates said, remembering that Nichols would go to a park called Shelby Farms to watch the sunset when he wasn't working a late shift.
Nichols' death is the latest high-profile example of police using excessive force against Black people and other minorities.
The 2020 murder of George Floyd, a Black man who died after a white Minneapolis officer knelt on his neck for more than nine minutes, galvanised worldwide protests over racial injustice.
READ MORE: How social media is reacting to death of Tyre Nichols