Riot shields and gas masks are piled in the hallways and new fencing and other security measures have also gone up around the building that is seen by many as an important global symbol of democracy.
The National Guard were on a 24-hour watch in the US Capitol after last week's violence, with off-duty members left to catch naps in hallways and below the bust of General George Washington, who led the United States to victory in its battle for independence against Britain more than two centuries ago.
A large presence of guard members dressed in fatigues and carrying rifles guarded the outside of the building, while others lined the corridors of the Capitol.
The House of Representatives was meeting to consider impeaching President Donald Trump for his role in the January 6 assault on American democracy, when his supporters stormed the building in a deadly rampage.
Photos have circulated this morning showing National Guard troops resting in the Capitol building. This area of the Capitol has been designated a rest area for National Guard members when they are on duty but between shifts. (1/2)— NGB-PA Press Desk (@NGBPA1636) January 13, 2021
While National Guard troops have been stationed inside and outside the seat of Congress since at least Friday, earlier they had not been armed with rifles.
Now, some of the 20,000 National Guard troops ordered to Washington to secure the city before President-elect Joe Biden's inauguration on January 20 have weapons in hand.
Riot shields and gas masks are piled in the hallways.
New fencing and other security measures have also gone up around the building that is seen by many as an important global symbol of democracy.
A seven-foot (two-metre) high fence has been erected around the Capitol, with metal barriers and National Guard troops protecting the congressional office buildings that surround it.
"The attack on the Capitol was a violent insurrection that resulted in the spilling of American blood," said US Representative Hakeem Jeffries, a Democrat from New York. "And that's why extraordinary security measures have been taken."
Today the House will impeach President Trump.— Hakeem Jeffries (@RepJeffries) January 13, 2021
For a second time.
To protect the safety and well-being of the American people.
"Officers were brutally beaten. The attackers wanted to assassinate Nancy Pelosi, hang Mike Pence, and hunt down sitting members of Congress. That's insurrection. That's sedition. That's lawlessness. That's terror," Jeffries said.
National Guard troops have been frequently used by states in helping law enforcement forces quell protests over the past year. However, the decision to arm them with guns highlights fears over the threat of further violence in the days leading up to the inauguration.
Officials have said it is important for the troops to be armed for their self defense and that they are still in a support role of law enforcement forces.
"The Capitol has responded in an appropriate way to meet the nature of the severe security threat that is being posed by domestic terrorists and white supremacists," said Jeffries.
He said the National Guard already had been considered as part of the security bubble for the inauguration but, based on the events of last week, the security had been ratcheted up.
The United States remains exceptional. And right now the eyes of the world are upon us. We must seize this opportunity to heal and grow stronger. https://t.co/UapsQMeTVP— Kevin McCarthy (@GOPLeader) January 13, 2021
With just one week left ahead of the inauguration, many Republicans have questioned whether Congress is moving too fast on impeachment.
"Impeaching the president in such a short time frame would be a mistake," said House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy, the chamber's top Republican. "That doesn't mean the president is free from fault. The president bears responsibility for Wednesday's attack on Congress by mob rioters."