Juneteenth commemorates June 19, 1865, when Union soldiers brought the news of freedom to enslaved Black people in Galveston, Texas – two months after the Confederacy had surrendered.
The US House of Representatives has overwhelmingly passed and sent to President Joe Biden a bill making June 19, or "Juneteenth," a federal holiday commemorating the end of legal enslavement of Black Americans.
Biden plans to sign the bill into law at a White House event on Thursday afternoon.
The holiday marks the day in 1865 when a Union general informed a group of enslaved people in Texas that they had been made free two years earlier by President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation during the Civil War.
During House floor debate, Representative Sheila Jackson Lee, a Texas Democrat, appeared beside a well-known black-and-white photograph showing a man's back scarred from whippings during slavery.
She said she had introduced legislation in the House to make Juneteenth a federal holiday "to commemorate the end of chattel slavery, America's original sin, and to bring about celebration."
The House approved the bill on a vote of 415-14.
The Senate unanimously passed the bill on Tuesday.
My statement on today's passage by the House of the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act, making Juneteenth a national holiday. @HouseDemocrats @HouseDPCC #JuneTeenth2021 pic.twitter.com/A8iwvl9L5S— Sheila Jackson Lee (@JacksonLeeTX18) June 17, 2021
Celebrating African-American lives
Its success comes a year after the United States was rocked by protests against racism and policing following the murder of the African-American man George Floyd by a Minneapolis police officer.
Republican Representative Guy Reschenthaler touted the role his northern home state of Pennsylvania played in the Civil War. "Designating June 19 as a national holiday would increase awareness of ... Juneteenth," he said. It would celebrate Black history and culture. It would recognise the Americans who fought and died to end slavery."
Texas officially declared Juneteenth a state holiday in 1980 and since then the holiday has been officially recognised in most US states.
Juneteenth would be the eleventh federally recognised holiday, joining a list that includes Christmas and New Year's Day, Thanksgiving and Independence Day and honouring presidents and slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.