China's biggest political meeting of the year is scheduled in March and the standing committee for National People's Congress is seeking its delay. Meanwhile, health officials are urging recovered patients to donate blood for treating critically ill.
The death toll from a coronavirus outbreak in mainland China rose to 1,868 as of the end of Monday, up by 98 from the previous day, the National Health Commission said on Tuesday.
The central Hubei province, the epicentre of the outbreak, reported 93 deaths, while in the provincial capital of Wuhan, 72 people died.
Across mainland China, there were 1,886 new confirmed infections on Monday, bringing the total so far to 72,436.
Earlier, China said it may postpone its annual congress in March, its biggest political meeting of the year, as the military dispatched hundreds more medical workers and extra supplies to the city hit hardest by a two-month-old coronavirus outbreak.
Japanese officials, meanwhile, confirmed 99 more people were infected by the new virus aboard the quarantined cruise ship Diamond Princess, bringing the total to 454.
The standing committee for the National People's Congress said it believes it is necessary to postpone the gathering to give top priority to people's lives, safety, and health, the official Xinhua News Agency reported.
It noted that one-third of the 3,000 delegates are provincial and municipal-level cadres with important leadership roles working on the front line of the battle against the epidemic.
The standing committee said it would meet on February 24 to further deliberate on a postponement. The meeting is due to start on March 5.
Patients urged to donate plasma
Chinese health officials on Monday urged patients who have recovered from the coronavirus to donate blood so that plasma can be extracted to treat others who are critically ill.
Drugmakers are racing to develop a vaccine and treatment for the epidemic, which has infected over 70,500 people across China.
Plasma from patients who have recovered from a spell of pneumonia triggered by COVID-19 contains antibodies that can help reduce the virus load in critically ill patients, an official from China's National Health Commission told a press briefing on Monday.
"I would like to make a call to all cured patients to donate their plasma so that they can bring hope to critically ill patients," said Guo Yanhong, who heads the NHC's medical administration department.
Eleven patients at a hospital in Wuhan — the epicentre of the disease — received plasma infusions last week, said Sun Yanrong, of the Biological Center at the Ministry of Science and Technology.
"One patient [among them] has already been discharged, one is able to get off the bed and walk and the others are all recovering," she said.
The call comes days after China's state-owned medical products maker reported successful results from its trial at Wuhan First People's Hospital.
China National Biotec Group Co said in a post on its official WeChat account that severely ill patients receiving plasma infusions "improved within 24 hours."
"Clinical studies have shown that infusing plasma [from recovered patients] is safe and effective," Sun said.
Blood donors will undergo a test to ensure that they are not carrying the virus, said Wang Guiqiang, chief physician at Peking University First Hospital.
"Only plasma is taken, not all the blood," he said.
"Other components of the blood including red blood cells and platelets will be infused back into the donors."
With fears of the virus spreading further, Chinese and residents of nearby countries and territories have begun hoarding supplies of everything from masks and other personal protective gear to instant noodles, cooking oil and toilet paper.
In Hong Kong, local media reported that police had arrested two men and were seeking three others who allegedly stole a load of 60 packs of toilet paper at knifepoint early Monday morning.
Supplies of the commodity have become extremely scarce, with often only low-quality imports still available. Police were expected to discuss the matter later.
Another 1,200 doctors and nurses from China's military began arriving in Wuhan on Monday, the latest contingent sent to help shore up the city's overwhelmed health care system with more than 32,000 additional personnel.
The city has rapidly built two prefabricated hospitals and converted gymnasiums and other spaces into wards for those showing milder symptoms, but residents still say they are being wait-listed for beds and even ambulance rides.
Wuhan has accounted for the vast majority of mainland China's 70,548 cases. Some 60 million people in that area and other parts of China are under lockdown in a bid to prevent the virus from spreading further.
At a daily news briefing, National Health Commission official Guo Yanhong said attempts to contain the virus appeared to be bearing fruit, with the number of new cases reported daily outside of Hubei province, of which Wuhan is the capital, falling for 13 days straight, and growing numbers of recovered people.
“These are all extremely good signs that show our prevention work is very effective," Guo said, citing early detection and treatment alongside quarantines and travel restrictions as largely responsible for the result.
Japan's Health Ministry has been carrying out tests on passengers and crew on the Diamond Princess, which is docked in Yokohama, a port city near Tokyo.
Officials said on Monday they had confirmed 99 more cases on the ship, bringing the total to 454. The 14-day quarantine for those on the ship was due to end on Wednesday.
Outside China, the ship has the largest number of cases of COVID-19.
The Health Ministry said it has now tested 1,723 people on the ship, which had about 3,700 passengers and crew aboard.
Two chartered planes flew 340 Americans who were aboard the Diamond Princess out of Japan late Sunday. About 380 Americans had been on the ship.
The State Department announced later that 14 of the evacuees were confirmed to have the virus in tests given before they boarded their planes. They were taken to the US because they did not have symptoms, and were being isolated from other passengers, it said.
Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, and Italy were planning similar flights for their citizens.
Concerns over new cases
New cases in other countries are raising more concern about the containment of the virus.
Though only a few hundred cases have been confirmed outside mainland China, some recent cases lacked obvious connections to China.
Taiwan on Sunday reported its first death from COVID-19, the fifth fatality outside of mainland China.
Taiwan's Central News Agency, citing health minister, Chen Shih-chung, said the man who died was in his 60s and had not traveled overseas recently and had no known contact with virus patients.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe convened an experts' meeting to discuss containment measures in his country, where more than a dozen cases have emerged in the past few days without any obvious link to China.
"The situation surrounding this virus is changing by the minute," Abe said.
Japanese Health Minister Katsunobu Kato said the country was "entering into a phase that is different from before," requiring new steps to stop the spread of the virus.
Japan has 518 confirmed cases, including the 454 from the cruise ship, and one death from the virus.