Human Rights Watch says that the allegations being heard in a special court in the capital, Naypyitaw, are “bogus and politically motivated” with the intention of preventing the deposed leader from running for office again.
The trial of deposed Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi has gone under way, more than four months after a military coup, with junta witnesses testifying the Nobel laureate flouted coronavirus restrictions and illegally imported walkie-talkies.
On Monday, the court heard a police force major testify that Suu Kyi broke coronavirus restrictions during last year's elections that her National League for Democracy (NLD) party won in a landslide, her lawyer Min Min Soe told AFP on Monday.
Another police major testified on separate charges accusing her of illegally importing and possessing walkie-talkies, she added.
Near daily protests have rocked Myanmar since the generals' February 1 putsch.
A mass uprising has been met with a brutal military crackdown that has killed more than 850 civilians, according to a local monitoring group.
The junta has brought an eclectic raft of charges against the Nobel laureate, including claims she accepted illegal payments of gold and violated a colonial-era secrecy law.
Suu Kyi "paid keen attention" throughout the hearing, another member of her legal team, Khin Maung Zaw said in a statement.
Human Rights Watch said that the allegations being heard in a special court in the capital, Naypyitaw, are “bogus and politically motivated” with the intention of nullifying the victory and preventing Suu Kyi from running for office again.
“This trial is clearly the opening salvo in an overall strategy to neuter Suu Kyi and the National League for Democracy party as a force that can challenge military rule in the future,” said Phil Robertson, the organisation's deputy Asia director.
Journalists were barred from proceedings in the special court in the capital Naypyidaw, but an AFP reporter said there was a heavy police presence outside.
Suu Kyi's lawyers – who have struggled to gain access to their client – have said they expect the trial to wrap up by July 26.
"I'm confident Daw Aung San Suu Kyi will overcome this trial," Khin Maung Zaw told AFP after the hearing.
"And she seems quite determined to assert her rights, whatever the results."
A separate trial is scheduled to start on Tuesday over sedition charges she faces alongside ousted president Win Myint and another senior member of the NLD.
If convicted of all charges, Suu Kyi, 75, faces more than a decade in jail.
"#Myanmar’s junta has taken unlawful detention to a noxious new level by detaining those close to people who themselves should not be facing arrest,” says @Reaproy. Young children & elderly parents are among those that have been detained. https://t.co/miiO8VtTKE pic.twitter.com/0xcavJTCv6— Linda Lakhdhir (@LLakhdhir) June 14, 2021
"It is a show trial motivated only by political reasons," Debbie Stothard, Coordinator of the Alternative ASEAN Network on Burma, told AFP.
"Min Aung Hlaing is determined to lock up Aung San Suu Kyi for the rest of her life. If he could, he would probably charge her under every law available."
Suu Kyi spent more than 15 years under house arrest during the previous junta's rule before her 2010 release.
Her international reputation diminished following her defence of military-led violence against Myanmar's marginalised Muslim Rohingya community.
But the coup has returned Suu Kyi to the role of cloistered democracy icon.
On Thursday, she was hit with additional corruption charges over claims she illegally accepted $600,000 in cash and around 11 kilos of gold.
Her lawyer Khin Maung Zaw dismissed the new charges – which could see Suu Kyi hit with another lengthy prison term – as "absurd".
"There is an undeniable political background to keep her out of the scene of the country and to smear her prestige," he told AFP last week.
"That's one of the reasons to charge her – to keep her out of the scene."
Junta leader Min Aung Hlaing has justified his power grab by citing alleged electoral fraud in the November poll won by Suu Kyi's NLD.
The junta has previously said it would hold fresh elections within two years, but has also threatened to dissolve the NLD.
It has also responded with force to a growing mass movement against its rule – shooting protesters, targeting journalists and shutting down news outlets.
Monday saw the release of an American journalist detained since March after charges against him were dropped, his lawyer told AFP.
Nathan Maung, who founded the local Kamayut Media outlet, has been detained under a colonial-era law that criminalises encouraging dissent against the military.