"Try an innovative way of engaging with them [Taliban]. The way that they were being dealt with has not worked," says Pakistani FM Shah Mehmood Qureshi.
Pakistan's government is proposing the international community develop a road map that leads to diplomatic recognition of the Taliban — with incentives if the group fulfills its requirements — and then sit down face to face and talk it out with the leaders of Afghanistan's new rulers.
Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi outlined the idea on Wednesday in an interview with The Associated Press on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly's meeting of world leaders.
"If they live up to those expectations, they would make it easier for themselves, they will get acceptability, which is required for recognition," Qureshi told the AP.
"At the same time, the international community has to realise: What's the alternative? What are the options? This is the reality, and can they turn away from this reality?"
He said Pakistan "is in sync with the international community" in wanting to see a peaceful, stable Afghanistan with no space for terrorist elements to increase their foothold, and for the Taliban to ensure "that Afghan soil is never used again against any country."
"But we are saying, be more realistic in your approach," Qureshi said. "Try an innovative way of engaging with them [Taliban]. The way that they were being dealt with has not worked."
Afghanistan's frozen funds
Expectations from the Taliban leadership could include an inclusive government and assurances for human rights, especially for women and girls, Qureshi said.
In turn, he said, the Afghan government might be motivated by receiving development, economic, and reconstruction aid to help recover from decades of war.
Qureshi urged the United States, the International Monetary Fund, and other countries that have frozen Afghan government funds to immediately release the money so it can be used "for promoting normalcy in Afghanistan."
And he pledged that Pakistan is ready to play a "constructive, positive" role in opening communications channels with the Taliban because it, too, benefits from peace and stability.
This is the second time that the Taliban has ruled Afghanistan. The first time, from 1996 to 2001, ended when it was ousted by a US-led coalition after the 9/11 attacks.
During that rule, Taliban leaders and police barred girls from school and prohibited women from working outside the home or leaving it without a male escort.
After they were overthrown, Afghan women still faced challenges in the male-dominated society but increasingly stepped into powerful positions in government and numerous fields.
But when the US withdrew its military from Afghanistan last month, the government collapsed and a new generation of the Taliban resurged, taking over almost immediately.
In the weeks since, many countries have expressed disappointment that the Taliban's interim government is not inclusive as its spokesman had promised.
While the new government has allowed young girls to attend school, it has not yet allowed older girls to return to secondary school, and most women to return to work despite a promise in April that women "can serve their society in the education, business, health and social fields while maintaining correct Islamic hijab."
"It has to be a realistic assessment, a pragmatic view on both sides, and that will set the tone for recognition eventually," the Pakistani minister said.
The good news, he said: The Taliban are listening, "and they are not insensitive to what is being said by neighbours and the international community."
He said the interim government, drawn mostly from Afghanistan's dominant Pashtun ethnic group, made some additions on Tuesday.
It added representatives from the country's ethnic minorities — Tajiks, Uzbeks, and Hazaras, who are Shia Muslims in the majority Sunni Muslim country.
"Yes, there are no women yet," Qureshi said. "But let us let the situation evolve."
He stressed the Taliban must make decisions in the coming days and weeks that will enhance their acceptability.
"What the international community can do, in my view, is sit together and work out a roadmap," Qureshi said.
"And if they fulfill those expectations, this is what the international community can do to help them stabilise their economy. This is the humanitarian assistance that can be provided. This is how they can help rebuild Afghanistan, reconstruction and so on and so forth."
He added, "With this roadmap ahead, I think an international engagement can be more productive."
Pakistan says things seem to be stabilising
Qureshi described a hoped-for "Afghanistan where the rights of women and girls are respected, an Afghanistan that won’t be a sanctuary for terrorism, an Afghanistan where we have an inclusive government representing the different sectors of the population."
Qureshi said there are different forums where the international community can work out the best way to approach the situation.
In the meantime, he asserted, things seem to be stabilising.
Less than six weeks after the Taliban seized power on August 15, he said, Pakistan has received information that the law-and-order situation has improved, fighting has stopped and many internally displaced Afghans are going home.
"That’s a positive sign," Qureshi said.
He said Pakistan hasn't seen a new influx of Afghan refugees — a sensitive issue for Pakistanis, who are highly motivated to prevent it.
Patience and realism
Qureshi prescribed patience and realism.
After all, he said, every previous attempt to stabilise Afghanistan has failed, so don't expect new efforts to produce immediate success with the Taliban.
If the United States and its allies "could not convince them or eliminate them in two decades, how will you do it in the next two months or the next two years?" he wondered.
Asked whether he had a prediction of what Afghanistan might be like in six months, Qureshi turned the question back on his AP interviewer, replying: "Can you guarantee me US behaviour over the next six months?"