Meteorologists have marvelled at how quickly Chanthu morphed into a powerful storm after it first emerged as a depression on Monday in between Guam and the Philippines.
A super typhoon that has rapidly formed in just 48 hours is threatening both the Philippines and Taiwan with destructive winds and torrential rains over the coming days.
Chanthu was about 580 kilometres southeast of Taiwan's southernmost tip on Friday morning, packing gusts of up to 234 kilometres an hour, according to Taiwan's central weather bureau.
The Philippine state weather agency said the typhoon was expected to graze the northeastern tip of the country later on Friday.
The agency warned of "destructive" winds in Santa Ana town, where around 35,000 people live, and the eastern part of the remote Babuyan Islands.
Rough seas will throw up 2.5 to 10-metre waves, it added.
'Strong winds and downpours'
The Cagayan governor has ordered government and private sector workers, except those in frontline services, to stay home and "fortify" their houses, said Rogelio Sending, the provincial information officer.
Most projections forecast the storm will then continue to swing northeast and could hit Taiwan directly over the weekend.
"It will be closest to Taiwan on Saturday and Sunday. (The public) should take precautions against strong winds and downpours," said Taiwanese forecaster Hsu Chung-yi.
Meteorologists have marvelled at how quickly Chanthu morphed into a powerful storm after it first emerged on Monday in between Guam and the Philippines.
"Chanthu went from a depression to a category-5-equivalent typhoon in 48 hours," Sam Lillo, a researcher at the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, wrote on Twitter.
Only five other storms, all this century, have done that, he added.
Over just two days, Chanthu's wind speeds went from 30 miles per hour to 160 miles per hour at their height .
TROPICAL CYCLONE BULLETIN NO. 8— PAGASA-DOST (@dost_pagasa) September 9, 2021
Typhoon “#KikoPH” (CHANTHU)
Issued at 5PM, 09 Sept 2021
Valid for broadcast until the next bulletin at 11PM today
TYPHOON “#KikoPH” IS NOW MOVING WEST NORTHWESTWARD OVER THE PHILIPPINE SEA EAST OF AURORA.
Link: https://t.co/nOU97294Wi pic.twitter.com/eIq1CWIiuE
Typhoons becoming more powerful
Scientists have long warned that typhoons are becoming more powerful, and strengthening more rapidly, as the world becomes warmer because of man-made climate crisis.
"This week, Super Typhoon Chanthu provided another stark example of how quickly a storm can strengthen," NASA wrote in an article about the storm on its Earth Observatory blog.
A super typhoon is also known as a category five hurricane in the US. The Earth tends to experience around five storms of that power a year.
Meteorologists say that while Chanthu is powerful, it is small in size and will be unpredictable.
"Small tropical cyclones are capable of very rapid intensity changes, both strengthening and weakening," hurricane scientist Jeff Masters wrote on Yale Climate Connections.
TROPICAL CYCLONE BULLETIN NO. 14— Disaster Information Service PH (@DisasterInfoPH) September 10, 2021
Typhoon #KIKO (CHANTHU)
Issued at 2:00 PM, 10 September 2021
TYPHOON “KIKO” IS NOW MOVING NORTHWESTWARD AS IT THREATENS EXTREME NORTHERN LUZON.
The next tropical cyclone bulletin will be issued at 5:00 PM.#LagingHandaPH #SaveLives pic.twitter.com/VhOEYoBgDO
Super to severe typhoon
Taiwan is regularly hit by tropical storms in the summer months.
In a rare exception to the rule, not a single typhoon made landfall last year, the first time in 56 years.
That helped fuel the worst drought in decades until heavy rains set in a few months ago and brought needed relief.
The Hong Kong Observatory's projection has Chanthu reducing from a super to a severe typhoon on Sunday as it nears Taiwan's southeastern coast.