Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said, "we are also prepared to take additional action should Burma's military not change course," as anti-coup rallies continued in the country following the ouster of the government of Aung San Suu Kyi.
The United States has slapped sanctions on the leaders of Myanmar's junta, warning that more punishment could come even as the generals in Yangon ordered demonstrators to get back to work or face "effective actions."
As Myanmar was preparing for a seventh consecutive day of anti-coup rallies, the US Treasury Department announced on Thursday it was blocking any US assets and transactions with 10 current or former military officials held responsible for the February 1 coup.
Demonstrations condemning the ouster of civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi have largely been peaceful, although security forces earlier in the week used tear gas, water cannon and rubber bullets on protesters, with isolated reports of live rounds being fired.
In the most significant concrete action, President Joe Biden announced his administration was cutting off the generals' access to $1 billion in funds in the United States.
.@USTreasury is sanctioning Burma’s military leaders who led a coup that rejects the will of Burmese people. We repeat our calls for Burma’s military to relinquish power, restore the democratically elected government, and release those unjustly detained.— Secretary Antony Blinken (@SecBlinken) February 11, 2021
The Treasury Dept. issued sanctions today against leaders of the military coup in Burma, in accordance with President Biden’s Exec Order.— Treasury Public Affairs (@TreasurySpox) February 11, 2021
Read more here: https://t.co/srsHpHfbAx
Military junta commutes sentences
Myanmar's military junta has commuted the sentences of more than 23,000 prisoners, announcements in state media from Senior General Min Aung Hlaing said on Friday, a public holiday.
As announcement said sentences for Myanmar prisoners were being commuted while the country "is establishing a new democratic state with peace, development and discipline to turn the prisoners into certain decent citizens, to please the public and to create the humanitarian and compassionate grounds."
The sentences of 23,314 Myanmar prisoners and 55 foreign prisoners were commuted, the announcements said.
US warns of 'additional action'
Targets of US sanctions announced on Thursday include Army chief General Min Aung Hlaing, who now holds legislative, judicial and executive powers in Myanmar. Hlaing was already under US sanctions over the campaign against the mostly Muslim Rohingya minority.
Also targeted are military leaders in the new cabinet such as Defence Minister General Mya Tun Oo, as well as three gem exporting companies controlled by Myanmar's military.
"We are also prepared to take additional action should Burma's military not change course," Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said, using Myanmar's former name.
"If there is more violence against peaceful protesters, the Burmese military will find that today's sanctions are just the first," she said.
Biden had earlier called on Myanmar's military to release democratic political leaders and activists, adding "the military must relinquish power."
In Europe, former colonial power Britain welcomed Biden's steps, with foreign secretary Dominic Raab tweeting that "we will hold those responsible to account."
European Union foreign policy chief Josep Borrell also warned that the bloc could impose fresh sanctions on Myanmar's military.
The international community will not accept the coup in Myanmar and we will hold those responsible to account. The UK welcomes @POTUS steps today to send a strong message to the military regime. 🇬🇧 is urgently looking at further measures under our own sanctions regimes.— Dominic Raab (@DominicRaab) February 11, 2021
Back to work ... or else
General Hlaing late Thursday called for civil servants to return to work after days of nationwide strikes supporting the protests.
"Due to unscrupulous persons' incitement, some civil service personnel have failed to perform their duties," he said in a statement.
"Effective actions will be taken."
Since the coup there has been an outpouring of anger and defiance, calling for the release of Suu Kyi and other detained senior figures of her National League for Democracy party.
Demonstrators marched peacefully on Thursday in Naypyitaw – the capital and military stronghold – as well as Yangon, the largest city and commercial hub, which saw tens of thousands flood into the streets.
"Don't go to the office," chanted protesters outside Myanmar's central bank in Yangon, part of the effort urging people to boycott work to pressure the junta.
"We aren't doing this for a week or a month – we are determined to do this until the end when [Suu Kyi] and President U Win Myint are released," a protesting bank employee told AFP.
Joining the protest were dozens from the ethnic Karen, Rakhine and Kachin communities – drawn from Myanmar's roughly 130 ethnic groups, some of whom have faced intense persecution from the army.
"Our ethnic armed groups and ethnic people have to join together to fight against the military dictatorship," Saw Z Net, an ethnic Karen protester, told AFP.
In Shan state, demonstrators in traditional costumes took their anti-coup message to the water on Lake Inle, with similar scenes unfolding in the ancient UNESCO heritage city of Bagan as hundreds marched between temples and pagodas.
There were more reports of arrests on Thursday, including the deputy speaker of the parliament's lower house and a key aide to Suu Kyi.
The number of coup-linked detentions is now more than 200, according to monitor Assistance Association for Political Prisoners.
The NLD – whose Yangon headquarters saw a raid this week – also confirmed the arrest of election officials in the afternoon.
The military justified the power grab by claiming widespread voter fraud in November's polls, which saw a landslide for Suu Kyi's party.
It quickly moved to stack courts and political offices with loyalists as it ended a decade of civilian rule.
It was unclear how long the junta will tolerate the protests.
Live rounds were fired at a rally in Naypyitaw this week, critically wounding two people – including a woman who was shot in the head.
Images depicting the woman have been shared widely online alongside expressions of grief and fury.
The military's clampdown on information using internet blackouts – with tech companies ordered to cut communications intermittently – has drawn widespread condemnation.
Concern grew that the junta was planning to impose a much harsher internet crackdown, including enacting measures that would allow the military to order blackouts and website bans.