Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, a former teacher and political novice, says it was her choice to leave amid speculation that she may have been acting under duress.
The top opposition candidate in Belarus' presidential vote, who refused to concede her defeat amid a massive police crackdown on protesters, has said she has left the country and is now in Lithuania.
Looking tired and distressed, Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, a former teacher and political novice, apologised to her supporters in a video statement on Tuesday and said it was her own choice to leave the country.
“It was a very hard decision to make,” she said.
“I know that many of you will understand me, many others will condemn me and some will even hate me. But God forbid you ever face the choice that I faced.”
In another video statement later, she urged her supporters to respect the law and avoid clashes with police.
The unexpected move led some of her supporters to speculate that she may have been acting under duress.
Tsikhanouskaya's husband is in prison in Belarus.
Election results rejected
Tsikhanouskaya previously dismissed the official results of Sunday's election showing authoritarian President Alexander Lukashenko winning a sixth term by a landslide.
Thousands of opposition supporters who also protested the results met with a tough police crackdown in Minsk and several other Belarusian cities for two straight nights.
On Monday, a protester died amid the clashes in Minsk and scores were injured as police used tear gas, flash-bang grenades and rubber bullets to disperse the demonstrators. The Interior Ministry said the victim intended to throw an explosive device, but it blew up in his hand and killed him.
Crackdown on protesters
The ministry said on Tuesday that more than 2,000 people were detained across the country for taking part in unsanctioned protests on Monday evening and overnight. It added that 21 police officers were injured in clashes with protesters, and five of them were hospitalised.
The previous day, the Interior Ministry reported more than 3,000 detentions and said that 89 people were injured, including 39 law enforcement officers.
Lukashenko, who has led the ex-Soviet nation of 9.5 million with an iron fist since 1994, derided the opposition as “sheep” manipulated by foreign masters and vowed to continue the tough crackdown on protests despite Western rebukes.
Election officials said Lukashenko won a sixth term in office with 80 percent of the vote, while Tsikhanouskaya got 10 percent.
Decision to be with children
When asked on Monday if she was planning to go abroad to avoid being arrested, Tsikhanouskaya said she had no such plan and saw no reason why she would be arrested.
But after submitting her formal demand for a recount to Belarus’ Central Election Commission, she told her allies: “I have made a decision, I must be with my children.”
Speaking in the video statement from Lithuania, she emphasised that “children are the most important thing in our lives” and conceded her weakness.
“I thought that the campaign had tempered me and make me so strong that I could resist anything,” said Tsikhanouskaya, her voice breaking. “But it appears that I have remained the same weak woman that I was before.”
She had previously sent her children to an unspecified European country after receiving threats.
Lithuanian Foreign Minister Linas Linkevicius was the first to announce Tsikhanouskaya's departure, saying on Twitter that she is now “safe” in Lithuania.
“She has the right to make any choice,” Tsikhanouskaya's campaign spokeswoman, Anna Krasulina, told The Associated Press Tuesday. “She has done great things for the country. She has woken up the Belarusians.”
Another aide, Olga Kovalkova, said that Tsikhanouskaya was driven out of the country by the authorities after spending hours at the election commission.
“We don't know what kind of pressure she was subjected to and how they tried to break her,” she told the AP.
She said that Tsikhanouskaya left the country with her campaign chief, Maria Moroz, who was detained over the weekend. Several other campaign aides have remained in custody.
Tsikhanouskaya entered the race after her husband, an opposition blogger who had hoped to run for president, was arrested in May.
She has managed to unite fractured opposition groups and draw tens of thousands to her campaign rallies, the largest opposition demonstrations in Belarus since the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union.
“We don’t agree with (the election results), we have absolutely opposite information,” Tsikhanouskaya said on Monday.
“We have official protocols from many poll stations, where the number of votes in my favour are many more times than for another candidate.”
Economic damage caused by the coronavirus and Lukashenko’s swaggering response to the pandemic, which he airily dismissed as “psychosis,” has fueled broad anger, helping swell the opposition ranks. The post-election protest, in which young demonstrators, many of them teenagers, confronted police, marked a previously unseen level of violence.
Rumours that Tsikhanouskaya had left the country began circulating among the protesters as they confronted police overnight, but the news didn't discourage them from continuing their resistance.
“She had a clear choice: to be in a Belarusian jail or to remain free in Lithuania,” said 21-year-old protester Kirill Kulevich.
“Tsikhanouskaya has called herself a symbol of change, but they are forcing us to continue living as before.”
Another protester, 20-year-old Anna Vitushko, said that protests will continue.
“People are protesting against the crude falsifications, and her departure doesn’t mean anything," Vitushko said.
“If Lukashenko won 80 percent, why does he need riot police, rubber bullets and water cannons? They can cheat a few percent of the population, but they can't cheat the entire country.”
Scores were detained as police relentlessly dispersed scattered groups of protesters in Minsk overnight.
The police crackdown on protesters drew harsh criticism from the European Union and the United States and will likely complicate Lukashenko’s efforts to mend ties with the West amid tensions with his main ally and sponsor, Russia.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a statement that the election was not “free and fair,” and added: “We strongly condemn ongoing violence against protesters and the detention of opposition supporters.”
The European Union condemned the police crackdown and called for an immediate release of all those detained.
In a joint statement, EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell and the EU commissioner responsible for relations with Europe’s close neighbours, Oliver Varhelyi, lamented that “the election night was marred with disproportionate and unacceptable state violence against peaceful protesters.”