British police is failing modern-day slaves with a lack of understanding, mediocre probes and troubling attitudes from officers, says a police watchdog.
Police forces across Britain are failing modern-day slaves, with a lack of understanding, mediocre investigations and troubling attitudes from officers leaving many victims prey to further abuse and exploitation, a police watchdog said on Tuesday.
Despite an upsurge in slavery and human trafficking cases over the past year, many are being poorly investigated, or not followed up on at all, said Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services (HMICFRS) in a report.
Many victims of slavery receive an entirely inadequate service from the police, with "victims being let down at every stage," according to the watchdog, which assessed the police's response to Britain's landmark anti-slavery law, passed in 2015.
Companies failing to comply
Britain is regarded as a leader in global efforts to combat slavery, and passed the Modern Slavery Act to crack down on traffickers, force businesses to check their supply chains for forced labour, and protect people at risk of being enslaved.
Under the 2015 act, companies with a turnover of more than $47.5 million must produce an annual statement outlining the actions they have taken to combat forced labour within their supply chains.
Yet more than half of about 20,000 companies in Britain covered by the provision have failed to comply, while the government has not compelled any businesses to respond, according to a report by Focus on Labour Exploitation (FLEX).
At least 13,000 people are estimated to be victims of modern slavery in Britain, but police say the true figure is likely to be in the tens of thousands with slavery operations on the rise.
"Many of the shortcomings in investigating these cases reflect deficiencies in basic policing practice," said Wendy Williams of HMICFRS.
We found inconsistent, even ineffective, identification of victims and investigations closed prematurely
The watchdog said some officers did not want to investigate slavery because of what they might uncover, many believed it was not an issue in their area, while others avoided raising it with the public as they thought people were unsympathetic to victims.
Police blamed for laxity
Police forces had often delayed launching investigations, closed cases prematurely without speaking to victims, and referred people to immigration authorities without ever treating them as potential victims of slavery, according to the report.
"Police have woken up to modern slavery in the last year, but they must both investigate criminals and protect victims – it is not a case of going down one route or the other," Williams said.
The National Police Chiefs' Council (NPCC) said it accepted the report's recommendations – to improve leadership, victim identification, data sharing and investigations – and had this year set up specialist teams to help its forces tackle slavery.
There are more than 400 live investigations into modern slavery across England and Wales – marking an increase of more than 200 percent over the past year – according to the NPCC.