British Prime Minister Theresa May won a few weeks to salvage a Brexit deal but headed toward a clash with the European Union by promising to overhaul the divorce agreement she spent a year and a half negotiating with the bloc.
British Prime Minister Theresa May won parliament's backing on Tuesday to renegotiate her Brexit deal – a major policy reversal that sets up a new standoff with the European Union after it ruled out any change.
May's dramatic decision to abandon a pact she herself sealed with the 27 EU leaders at a summit last month came with Britain on course to crash out of the bloc in political and economic chaos on March 29.
The pound stabilised in early Asian trade on Wednesday after falling sharply on fears of a no-deal scenario as MPs voted through an amendment saying they would only support a divorce deal if its controversial "backstop" clause to keep the Irish border open was removed.
A spokesman for EU leader Donald Tusk said the deal was "not open for renegotiation" while French President Emmanuel Macron said it was the "best agreement possible".
MPs also voted in favour of a non-binding measure that "rejects the United Kingdom leaving the European Union without a withdrawal agreement".
But they failed to vote through a more important plan – backed by European supporters – that would have tried to force through a Brexit delay if no new deal with the EU emerged by February 26.
"I agree that we should not leave without a deal. However, simply opposing no-deal is not enough to stop it," May told MPs.
"The government will now redouble its efforts to get a deal that this house can support."
After the votes, opposition Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said he was ready to meet May to discuss a "sensible Brexit solution that works for the whole country".
"After months of refusing to take the chaos of no-deal off the table, the prime minister must now face the reality that no-deal is not an option," he said.
May now faces a formidable challenge convincing Brussels to re-open talks that took 18 excruciating months to conclude.
She said parliament's approval of the backstop amendment gave her the "mandate" to "seek to obtain legally binding changes to the withdrawal agreement".
But she conceded that there was "limited appetite" in the EU for renegotiation.
"It won't be easy," said May. "But in contrast to a fortnight ago, this house has made it clear what it needs to approve the withdrawal agreement."
TRT World's Simon McGregor-Wood reports.
Parliament on January 15 had voted against the draft deal by a crushing margin.
That significantly raised the risk that Britain's departure without a plan on March 29 will create trade and economic disruptions on both sides of the Channel.
Brexit hardliners from May's Conservative party think the backstop – created to keep the border open with Ireland – could see Britain indefinitely tied to EU trade rules.
The winning amendment calls for the backstop to be replaced with "alternative arrangements to avoid a hard border" – vague wording that did not pin May to any specific approach.
May promised to give MPs a chance to vote on what happens next on February 14 should she fail to win a new agreement over the course of the next two weeks.
TRT World's Sarah Morice reports on the disappointment leave voters in Dover feel over the Brexit process so far.
May already tried and failed to wrest new concessions from Brussels during a difficult summit last month that exposed her weak negotiating position – and the European Union's resolve.
EU Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier's deputy Sabine Weyand on Monday remarked that the current political debate in Britain felt "like Groundhog Day".
She said Britain risked crashing out of the EU without a deal "by accident" because London cannot decide what it wants.
Irish Foreign Minister Simon Coveney said he hoped the backstop would "never be used" or be replaced quickly by a new trade agreement.
"But it is necessary and tonight's developments at Westminster do nothing to change this," he tweeted.
Backstop was agreed by UK/EU as the insurance policy to avoid a hard border in all scenarios. We hope it will never be used, or be replaced quickly by a future relationship agreement. But it is necessary and tonight’s developments at Westminster do nothing to change this. #Brexit— Simon Coveney (@simoncoveney) January 29, 2019