UK, Canada, EU and US ratchet up pressure on President Alexander Lukashenko by imposing sanctions on several senior officials in Belarus over the forced diversion of a Ryanair plane to Minsk.
The United States, the European Union, Britain and Canada have joined forces to impose sanctions on several senior officials in Belarus over the forced diversion to Minsk of a passenger plane travelling between two EU countries last month.
Asset freezes and travel bans were also imposed on Monday on a number of officials linked to the security crackdown that continues to rock the country some 10 months after President Alexander Lukashenko was returned to power in elections branded by the EU and others as "fraudulent."
"We are united in our deep concern regarding the Lukashenko regime's continuing attacks on human rights, fundamental freedoms, and international law," the four said in a joint statement.
"We are committed to support the long-suppressed democratic aspirations of the people of Belarus and we stand together to impose costs on the regime for its blatant disregard of international commitments," they said.
The EU hit seven people and one entity over the "forced and unlawful" landing of the Ryanair plane, which was traveling from Greece to Lithuania when it was ordered to stop in Minsk, where authorities arrested Raman Pratasevich, a dissident journalist who was one of the passengers.
EU economic measures against Lukashenko
The four called on Minsk to cooperate with an international probe into the incident, immediately release all political prisoners, and "enter into a comprehensive and genuine political dialogue" with the democratic opposition and civil society.
At a meeting in Luxembourg, EU foreign ministers also prepared a series of economic measures that are aimed at hitting Lukashenko and his allies. EU leaders are expected to endorse them at a summit in Brussels on Thursday.
The EU has gradually ratcheted up sanctions since Lukashenko – dubbed the last dictator in Europe – won a sixth term last August in elections it says were fraudulent.
The measures have targeted people accused of electoral misconduct and responsibility for the police crackdown that followed.
But the 27-nation bloc has taken a harder approach since the Ryanair incident, and over the country's alleged use of migrants to pressure neighbouring Lithuania, which has provided a safe-haven to Belarusian opposition figures and is one of Lukashenko's most vocal critics.
Among their actions on Monday, the ministers imposed travel bans and asset freezes on 78 Belarus officials and froze the assets of eight "entities," which are usually companies, banks, or associations.
It means that a total of 166 people and 15 entities are now under EU restrictive measures.
"This decision was made in view of the escalation of serious human rights violations in Belarus and the violent repression of civil society, democratic opposition and journalists," a statement said.
EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell, who chaired the meeting, said the economic sanctions "are going to hurt ... the economy of Belarus heavily."
Minsk 'weaponising' migration flows
The measures are likely to include action against the export of potash – a common fertiliser ingredient – tobacco industry exports and petroleum products, among others.
"We will no longer just sanction individuals. We will now also impose sectoral sanctions – meaning that we will now get to work on the economic areas that are of particular significance for Belarus and for the regime’s income," German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said.
"We want to make very, very clear to Lukashenko that there is no going back," Maas said.
Maas said the 27 EU countries stand united on sanctions.
"We are really very, very determined not to budge, not just today – nothing about this will change in the coming weeks and months," he said.
Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis said EU countries had thought only a month ago that it still might be possible to reason with Lukashenko but that "the mood is different now."
Landsbergis accused Minsk of "weaponising" migration flows.
He said around 500 people are sheltering in Lithuania, most from Iraq, and that Belarus border guards brought 30 refugees to the border in recent days.
He said Lithuania has limited capacity for them and is building a tent camp.
To kick off Monday's meeting, the ministers held a working breakfast with Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, the main opposition candidate to challenge Lukashenko in last year's election.