The UAE has long been reported to be interested in acquiring US-made F-35 stealth fighter jets and attack drones like those the Israelis have.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has opposed the sale of F-35s and other advanced weapons to any country in the Middle East.
Netanyahu on Tuesday said he would oppose the sale of advanced American F-35 warplanes to the United Arab Emirates despite last week's historic deal establishing formal diplomatic ties between the two Mideast nations.
Netanyahu issued his statement after an Israeli newspaper reported that last week’s US-brokered agreement included language to supply the Arab Gulf nation with advanced weapons systems.
This comes as Israel's Mossad spy agency chief Yossi Cohen visits the UAE for security talks, Emirati state media reported on Tuesday, only days after the countries agreed to establish diplomatic ties.
The head of Israel's foreign intelligence service discussed "cooperation in the fields of security" with the UAE's national security adviser, Sheikh Tahnoun bin Zayed Al Nahyan, in Abu Dhabi, reported the official WAM news agency.
The Yediot Ahronot daily had reported, citing American and Emirati sources, that Israeli acquiescence had clinched the deal for the Emiratis. Furthermore, it reported that Netanyahu had made the deal behind the back of the Israeli defence establishment and kept Defence Minister Benny Gantz and Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi, both former military chiefs, in the dark about it.
In a statement, Netanyahu's office said the prime minister has opposed the sale of F-35s and other advanced weapons to any country in the Middle East, including Arab countries that have peace agreements with Israel.
“Prime Minister Netanyahu has repeatedly expressed this position to the American administration and it has not changed,” it said. “The peace agreement with the United Arab Emirates does not include any reference to arms sales and the US has made it clear that it will always take strict care to maintain Israel’s qualitative edge.”
The head of the Israeli Mossad intelligence service met with the UAE’s national security adviser in Abu Dhabi on Tuesday, the Emirates’ state-run WAM news agency reported. That the UAE would even publicly acknowledge Mossad chief Cohen’s visit with Sheikh Tahnoun bin Zayed Al Nahyan again shows how quickly the countries are moving toward opening diplomatic ties. The initial announcement came on Thursday, with telephone service between the two countries starting on Sunday.
Still, maintaining Israel's regional military supremacy has been a hallmark of Israeli policy for decades, and Israel has used its close ties with Washington to ensure that certain sophisticated weapons are not sold to neighbouring countries. The UAE has long been reported to be interested in acquiring US-made F-35 stealth fighter jets and attack drones like those the Israelis have.
Netanyahu said Gantz had been updated on his opposition to F-35 sales just weeks ago. But as part of his various corruption scandals, Netanyahu has been accused by critics of bypassing Israel's defence establishment in regards to a German sale of advanced submarines to Egypt.
In security-obsessed Israel, confirmation that military-related strings are attached to the deal could temper some of the excitement that has widely surrounded it thus far.
Gantz on Israeli military
Gantz seemed to question Netanyahu's denial in a televised statement from the defence ministry, saying that he was only informed of last week's blockbuster accord after the fact.
Gantz, who also serves as the alternative prime minister and is Netanyahu's chief coalition partner, is supposed to replace Netanyahu as premier next year. A former Israeli military chief, Gantz vowed to maintain Israel's qualitative military edge at any price.
“The future and resiliency of Israel depends on two efforts: striving for peace and insisting, without any compromise, upon maintaining our military superiority in every place in the Middle East,” he said.
Gantz said he supported the burgeoning accord with the UAE, which would make it just the third Arab nation to make peace with Israel, and said he was looking forward to speaking with his Emirati counterpart, but insisted Israel couldn't take risks.
“We will ascertain that out security interests are maintained. You can make a peace agreement while exercising security responsibility," he said, in a potential dig at Netanyahu. "As long as I am defence minister, nothing will move without coordination on security matters.”
Yoel Guzansky, a researcher at Israel's Institute for National Security Studies who specialises in Gulf affairs, said the UAE has for years been pressuring to US for arms and such a “side deal” would make sense.
"When an agreement is signed, I think the Emirates are going to ask the Americans to release all types of advanced weaponry that could wear away at the qualitative Israeli military advantage,” he said.