Francis’s meeting in the holy southern city of Najaf comes during the first-ever papal visit to the country, aimed at promoting his call for greater fraternity among all peoples.
Pope Francis has met with Grand Ayatollah Ali al Sistani, one of the most senior clerics in Shia Islam, in Iraq's holy city of Najaf to deliver a joint message of peaceful coexistence, urging Muslims to embrace Iraq's long-beleaguered Christian minority.
The closed-door meeting was to touch on issues plaguing Iraq’s Christian minority. Al Sistani is a deeply revered figure in Shia-majority Iraq and and his opinions on religious and other matters are sought by Shia worldwide.
For Iraq’s dwindling Christian minority, a show of solidarity from al Sistani could help secure their place in Iraq after years of displacement – and, they hope, ease intimidation from Shia militiamen against their community.
The historic meeting in al Sistani's humble home was months in the making, with every detail painstakingly discussed and negotiated between the ayatollah's office and the Vatican.
Let us remember our brothers and sisters who have paid the extreme price for their fidelity to the Lord. May their sacrifice inspire us to renew our trust in the strength of the Cross and its saving message of forgiveness, reconciliation and rebirth #ApostolicJourney #Iraq— Pope Francis (@Pontifex) March 5, 2021
“Very positive” meeting
When the time came, the 84-year-old pontiff’s convoy, led by a bullet-proof vehicle, pulled up along Najaf’s narrow and column-lined Rasool Street, which culminates at the golden-domed Imam Ali Shrine, one of the most revered sites in the world for Shias.
He then walked the few meters to al Sistani’s modest home, which the cleric has rented for decades.
A group of Iraqis wearing traditional clothes welcomed him outside. As a masked Francis entered the doorway, a few white doves were released in a sign of peace. He emerged just under an hour later, still limping heavily from an apparent flare-up of the sciatica nerve pain that makes walking difficult.
The “very positive” meeting lasted a total of 40 minutes, said a religious official in Najaf, who spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorised to brief media.
The official said al Sistani, who normally remains seated for visitors, stood to greet Francis at the door of his room, a rare honor. Al Sistani and Francis sat close to one another, without masks, with their hands on their laps. A small table was between them with a box of tissues on it.
The official said there was some concern about the fact that the pope had met with so many people the day before. Francis has received the coronavirus vaccine but al Sistani has not.
The visit was being carried live on Iraqi television, and residents cheered the meeting of two respected faith leaders.
”We welcome the pope’s visit to Iraq and especially to the holy city of Najaf and his meeting with Grand Ayatollah Ali Al Sistani,” said Najaf resident Haidar Al Ilyawi. “It is an historic visit and hope it will be good for Iraq and the Iraqi people.”
Readout from the meeting between @Pontifex and Grand Ayatollah #Sistani:— Dr. Abbas Kadhim (@DrAbbasKadhim) March 6, 2021
“Grand Ayatollah Sistani thanked the Pope for taking the hardship of the trip to Najaf to visit him and wished him & the world’s Catholics happiness, blessings & prosperity.” (1)#PopeFrancisInIraq
First-ever papal visit
Francis arrived in Iraq on Friday and met with senior government officials on the first-ever papal visit to the country, aimed at promoting his call for greater fraternity among all peoples. It is also his first international trip since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, and his meeting Saturday marked the first time a pope had met a grand ayatollah.
Nearly 25,000 security forces were deployed in Najaf ahead of the pope’s arrival, according to the province’s governor. Rasool Street was emptied of its usual bustle to clear the path for the pope’s arrival. As soon as his motorcade left a swarm of people rushed to the street, filling it up again to see him off.
On the few occasions where he has made his opinion known, the notoriously reclusive al Sistani has shifted the course of Iraq's modern history.
In the years after the 2003 US-led invasion he repeatedly preached calm and restraint as the Shia majority came under attack by al Qaida and other Sunni extremists.
The country was nevertheless plunged into years of sectarian violence.
His 2014 fatwa, or religious edict, calling on able-bodied men to join the security forces in fighting the Daesh terror group swelled the ranks of Shia militias, many closely tied to Iran. In 2019, as anti-government demonstrations gripped the country, his sermon lead to the resignation of then-prime minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi.
Iraqis have welcomed the visit and the international attention it has given the country as it struggles to recover from decades of war and unrest.
Iraq declared victory over the Daesh terror group in 2017 but still sees sporadic attacks.
It has also seen recent rocket attacks by Iran-backed militias against US military and diplomatic facilities, followed by US airstrikes on militia targets in Iraq and neighboring Syria. The violence is linked to the standoff between the US and Iran following Washington's withdrawal from the 2015 nuclear accord and its imposition of crippling sanctions on Iran.
Francis’ visit to Najaf and nearby Ur traverses provinces that have seen recent instability.
In Nasiriyah, where the Plains of Ur is located, protest violence left at least five dead last month. Most were killed when Iraqi security forces used live ammunition to disperse crowds.
Protest violence was also seen in Najaf last year, but abated as the mass anti-government movement that engulfed Iraq gradually petered out.
A heavy security presence was also awaiting Francis in Ur, where the pope was to preside over an interfaith meeting later Saturday. Ur, with its ancient ziggurat, is the traditional birthplace of Abraham, prophet common to Christians, Muslims and Jews.