As powerful earthquakes leave a trail of deaths and destruction across southern Türkiye and northwestern Syria, here is a chronological list of deadly earthquakes over the past two decades:

Search and rescue efforts continue around the wreckage in Diyarbakir, Turkiye following 7.7 and 7.6 magnitude earthquakes that hit Turkiye's Kahramanmaras on February 7, 2023.
Search and rescue efforts continue around the wreckage in Diyarbakir, Turkiye following 7.7 and 7.6 magnitude earthquakes that hit Turkiye's Kahramanmaras on February 7, 2023. (AA)

Some of the world's most deadly earthquakes in the past two decades are listed below, after a 7.7 magnitude quake struck southern Türkiey and northwest Syria on Monday and killed thousands of people. 

August 14, 2021 - Haiti

A 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck southern Haiti, killing more than 2,200 people and destroying or damaging about 13,000 homes.

September 28, 2018 - Indonesia

 A 7.5 magnitude earthquake struck the island of Sulawesi, resulting in a 1.5-metre tsunami and killing more than 4,300 people.

November 12, 2017 - Iran

 A magnitude 7.3 earthquake shook the eastern Kermanshah region, killing more than 400 people.

At least six people died in neighbouring Iraq. 

September 19, 2017 - Mexico

A 7.1 magnitude quake hit central Mexico, killing at least 369 people and causing more devastation in the capital than any temblor since an earthquake in 1985 that killed thousands. 

August 24, 2016 - Italy

A 6.2 magnitude quake struck a cluster of mountain communities east of Rome in central Italy, killing about 300 people. 

April 16, 2016 - Ecuador

 A magnitude 7.8 earthquake hammered Ecuador, killing more than 650 people on the country’s Pacific coast. 

October 26, 2015 - Afghanistan

 A magnitude 7.8 earthquake rocked the Afghan northeast, killing nearly 400 people in the country as well as in northern Pakistan. 

April 25, 2015 - Nepal

 A magnitude 7.8 earthquake ravaged impoverished Nepal, killing nearly 9,000 people and disrupting the lives of more than eight million. 

August 3, 2014 - China 

A magnitude 6.3 earthquake devastated southwestern China, killing at least 600 people in a remote area of Yunnan province. 

September 24, 2013 - Pakistan

 Twin earthquakes, measuring 7.7 and 6.8 magnitudes, rattled southwestern Balochistan province, killing at least 825 people. 

August 11, 2012 - Iran

 Two strong quakes, measuring 6.4 magnitudes and 6.3 respectively, killed at least 300 people near the city of Tabriz in northwestern Iran. 

October 23, 2011 - Türkiye

A powerful magnitude 7.2 earthquake shook southeast Türkiye, killing more than 600 people.

March 11, 2011 - Japan

 A 9.0 magnitude earthquake and tsunami struck Japan’s northeast, killing about 15,690 people and injuring 5,700. The earthquake also triggered the world’s biggest nuclear disaster since Chornobyl in 1986. 

February 22, 2011 - New Zealand

 A 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit Christchurch, killing at least 180 people. 

February 27, 2010 - Chile

 An 8.8 magnitude quake and subsequent tsunami in Chile killed more than 500 people, wrecking hundreds of thousands of homes and mangling highways and bridges. 

January 13, 2010 - Haiti

A 7.0 magnitude earthquake devastated Haiti's capital Port-au-Prince and killed about 316,000 people. The United Nations estimated 80,000 buildings in Port-au-Prince and surrounding areas were destroyed. 

May 12, 2008 - China

A 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit Sichuan province, killing about 87,60 0 people. 

December 26, 2004 - Asia

A 9.15 magnitude earthquake off Sumatra triggered a tsunami that barrelled into Indonesia, Thailand, India, Sri Lanka and many other countries in the region, devastating villages and tourist islands and leaving almost 230,000 dead or missing.

October 8, 2005 - Pakistan 

A 7.6 magnitude quake northeast of Islamabad killed at least 73,000 people. The quake also rocked Indian Kashmir, killing 1,244 there. 

December 26, 2003 - Iran

 A 6.6 magnitude earthquake hit the southeastern Kerman province and flattened the city of Bam, killing 31,000 people.

READ MORE: Live updates: Deadly quakes trigger massive rescue effort in Türkiye, Syria

Source: Reuters