Azerbaijan’s defence ministry reports an illegal group of Armenian fighters carried out the ambush in Aghdam, adjacent to the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region, which also fell to Baku before the November peace deal.
Azerbaijan has said that one of its soldiers was killed during a skirmish with Armenian separatists, in an apparent escalation of hostilities undermining a recent Russian-brokered ceasefire.
The defence ministry said in a statement on Monday that an illegal group of Armenian fighters in territory adjacent to the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region carried out the ambush a day earlier.
"As a result of the attack, a soldier of the Azerbaijan army... was killed," it said, noting another serviceman was wounded but in a stable condition.
A peace deal mediated by Russia ended in early November six weeks of fighting between Azerbaijan and separatists backed by Armenia for control of the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region.
Violation of truce
More than 6,000 people were killed in the conflict before the peace agreement that saw Armenia cede swathes of territory it had taken over after the fall of the Soviet Union to its longstanding rival.
Azerbaijan said on Monday that six Armenian fighters died in the attack near Aghdam, which was captured by Baku's army in November.
The defence ministry vowed to take "decisive measures" if repeat attacks were carried out by Armenian troops.
A Russian peacekeeping force of around 2,000 soldiers deployed to Karabakh as part of the terms of the November accord.
The mission reported earlier this month that one Russian soldier died during a mine-clearing operation but says the peace deal is largely holding.
Azerbaijan revealed earlier in December that at least six servicemen had died since the November 10 peace accord was agreed.
Separatists in Nagorno-Karabakh broke from Azerbaijan's control in a war in the 1990s that killed some 30,000 people.
Its declaration of autonomy has not been recognised by any country, including Armenia.