UN human rights expert on Myanmar Tom Andrews says the most important thing the international community can do now “is focused, targeted, tough economic sanctions and diplomatic pressure."

Demonstrators display placards during a protest against the military coup in Yangon, Myanmar Thursday, Feb. 18, 2021.
Demonstrators display placards during a protest against the military coup in Yangon, Myanmar Thursday, Feb. 18, 2021. (AP)

State railway workers in Myanmar have continued to strike despite a police rampage the previous night targeting them in a sign of the military junta's concern over growing civil disobedience by public workers protesting the coup.

Three-quarters of the country’s civil servants are on strike, all private banks are closed and the protests have weakened the economy significantly, said Tom Andrews, the independent UN human rights expert on Myanmar.

Andrews said the protesters have weakened the economy significantly and are looking for the international community to act.

The most important thing the international community can do now “is focused, targeted, tough economic sanctions and diplomatic pressure,” he said in an interview from Virginia, where he lives.

Aggressive actions by security forces on Wednesday night in a Mandalay city neighbourhood where state railway workers are housed reflected the increased focus of the protests on businesses and government institutions that sustain the economy.

Railway workers began their strike on Sunday, joining a civil disobedience movement against the February 1 coup that ousted the elected civilian government of Aung San Suu Kyi. Truck drivers have also staged work stoppages.

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The railway strike has received support from ordinary citizens who have placed themselves on railroad tracks to stop trains that the military has commandeered.

Efforts by Mandalay residents to block a rail line on Wednesday apparently triggered retaliation that night.

Less than an hour after Wednesday’s curfew started, gunshots were heard as more than two dozen men in police uniforms with shields and helmets marched past railway workers’ housing. 

Numerous videos posted on social media showed muzzle flashes as shots were heard, and some police shot slingshots and threw rocks at the buildings. 

Marching chants of “left, right, left, right” could be heard along with shouts of “shoot, shoot.”

Civilians shot

Several reports included photos of people with small wounds, which they said were caused by rubber bullets. Unconfirmed reports said several railway workers were arrested.

A labour activist said many people believe the disobedience movement is an effective way of bringing down the junta, and that is why it has attracted support from government workers in the health, education and transport sectors, as well as private workers such as bank employees and engineers.

Factory workers joined the initial protest marches but their financial circumstances keep them from taking part every day, he said on condition of anonymity to protect his own safety.

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Sanctions

The US government has imposed new sanctions on Myanmar because of the coup, and other governments and the United Nations have called for Suu Kyi’s administration to be restored.

Britain on Thursday slapped sanctions on three of Myanmar’s military leaders, imposing travel bans and asset freezes for their roles in human rights violations during the coup. 

Even before the coup, it had imposed sanctions on 16 other members of the military for rights violations.

Freezing their assets and imposing travel bans, the UK also said it was beginning a review to stop British businesses working with the military. 

Canada sanctioned nine Myanmar military officials and accused the junta of engaging "in a systemic campaign of repressions through coercive legislative measures and use of force". 

"Canada stands with the people of Myanmar in their quest for democracy and human rights," said foreign affairs minister Marc Garneau.

While welcoming the sanctions, some rights groups and activists say the moves need to go further to hit the military's businesses in the lucrative gems, beer, and banking sectors.  

"They fall woefully short of the strong response that is needed to hold the military to account and undermine its economic power," said Paul Donowitz, Myanmar Campaign Leader from UK-based Global Witness.

"We will be waiting for the EU sanctions announcement" on Monday, said Thinzar Shunlei Yi, one of the main activists who kicked off an online "Civil Disobedience Movement" campaign which has spilled onto the streets. 

"We urge other nations to have a coordinated and united response against Military Coup in Myanmar."

Foreign businesses

Opponents of the coup are urging foreign businesses to cut ties to Myanmar that benefit the military regime. A few, such as Japan's Kirin beer, which has been under pressure for years to break its partnership with a military-linked company, have agreed to do so.

Extractive industries, such as gas and oil drilling and jade mining, are key sources of foreign revenue for Myanmar. Rights campaigners have appealed to foreign companies involved in those industries to stop paying revenue to the new military government.

The Myanmar Alliance for Transparency and Accountability, a national civil society network, said any payments undermine “the Myanmar people’s efforts to return the country to democracy” and will give the military resources to violate human rights.

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Gas

About 200 people protested on Thursday near Kanbauk, in the south, outside facilities for a major pipeline that pumps gas from offshore fields for export. 

The demonstrators moved between the premises of Total of France, PTTEP of Thailand and Petronas of Malaysia to press their demands and later joined with a larger anti-coup demonstration in Kanbauk.

Andrews, the UN expert, said economic sanctions and diplomatic pressure have a good chance of working.

“I have confidence that there is great potential with those steps, by virtue of the fact that they have been successful in the past,” he said.

Large marches were held on Thursday in Myanmar's main cities. In Yangon, some protesters tried to hinder security forces by abandoning cars in the middle of the road, as they did Wednesday. But small groups of men, including some dressed in Buddhist monks’ robes, attacked several drivers and their vehicles, smashing windshields.

In the capital, Natpyitaw, water cannons were employed against demonstrators, and police forcibly arrested protesters in Myitkyina, the capital of the northern state of Kachin.

The most unusual protest of the day was held in Bagan, a UNESCO World Heritage site with thousands of centuries-old temples spread across a dusty plain that once was the capital of a major empire and now is a major tourist attraction.

Hundreds of residents trooped in the heat to a 13th century temple to put a curse on the coup leader who seized power, Senior Gen. Min Aung Hlaing. Many people in Myanmar have an abiding belief in the supernatural.

“The military coup is illegal. Their reasons are lies. I speak the truth,” said the leader of the ceremony. “We wish the person responsible for the coup to collapse and die in enormous suffering.” Those present then trampled into the dirt small, green wicker effigies meant to resemble soldiers.

The coup was a major setback to Myanmar’s transition to democracy after 50 years of army rule that began with a 1962 coup. International sanctions helped Suu Kyi come to power after her National League for Democracy party won a 2015 election, but a constitution adopted under a military regime retained substantial powers for the generals.

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Source: TRTWorld and agencies